Health and Nutrition

Safety and Outcome Measures of Pain Medications Used in Children and Pregnant Women (R03)

The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to (1) promote preclinical, translational, clinical and epidemiological research in pain medications use in children or in pregnant women to fill knowledge gaps in safe use of the pain medications in these special populations; and (2) develop effective instruments or approaches to assess and evaluate maternal and child outcomes of pain medication treatments.

Small Research Grants for Establishing Basic Science-Clinical Collaborations to Understand Structural Birth Defects (R03)

The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to promote initial establishment of basic science-clinical collaborations by providing small grants to teams of basic scientists, physician scientists, and/or clinicians. These interdisciplinary teams may include but are not limited to the following: developmental biologists, cell biologists, geneticists, genomicists, physician scientists including individuals with DVM/VMD degrees, clinicians, epidemiologists, biostatisticians, and/or bioinformaticists.

Research to Action: Assessing and Addressing Community Exposures to Environmental Contaminants (R01)

This Funding Opportunity Announcement encourages applications using community-engaged research methods to investigate the potential health risks of environmental exposures of concern to the community and to implement an environmental public health action plan based on research findings. The overall goal is to support changes to prevent or reduce exposure to harmful environmental exposures and improve the health of a community.

Mechanism for Time-Sensitive Opportunity in Environmental Health Sciences (R21)

This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is intended to support environmental health research in which an unpredictable event provides a limited window of opportunity to collect human biological samples or environmental exposure data. The primary motivation of the FOA is to understand the consequences of natural and man-made disasters or emerging environmental public health threats in the U.S. and abroad.

Early-life Factors and Cancer Development Later in Life (R21)

The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to stimulate research focused on the role of early-life factors in cancer development later in life.Given that current emerging evidence from limited research indicates a potentially important role for early-life events and exposures in cancer development, it is necessary to better understand 1) the early-life (maternal-paternal, in utero, birth and infancy, puberty and adolescence, and teenage and young adult years) factors that are associated with later cancer development; 2) how early-life factors mediate biological processes

Noise-Induced Cochlear Synaptopathy: Basic Studies Informing Potential Therapies (R01)

This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) invites research applications that will further our understanding of the cellular and subcellular basis of noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy. Such studies will increase our basic understanding of noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy as well as inform potential therapies.

Methodology and Measurement in the Behavioral and Social Sciences (R21)

The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to invite qualified researchers to submit grant applications aimed at improving and developing methodology in the behavioral and social sciences through innovations in research design, measurement, data collection and data analysis techniques.

Methodology and Measurement in the Behavioral and Social Sciences (R01)

The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to invite qualified researchers to submit grant applications aimed at improving and developing methodology in the behavioral and social sciences through innovations in research design, measurement, data collection and data analysis techniques.

Early-life Factors and Cancer Development Later in Life (R03)

The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to stimulate research focused on the role of early-life factors in cancer development later in life.Given that current emerging evidence from limited research indicates a potentially important role for early-life events and exposures in cancer development, it is necessary to better understand 1) the early-life (maternal-paternal, in utero, birth and infancy, puberty and adolescence, and teenage and young adult years) factors that are associated with later cancer development; 2) how early-life factors mediate biological processes

Outcome Measures for Use in Treatment Trials of Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (R01)

This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) encourages applications from institutions/organizations that propose to develop informative outcome measures for use in clinical trials for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). This FOA will address a significant need in the field, one that is especially apparent in efforts to develop pharmacological treatments for these populations. This FOA will focus ongoing clinical and translational research on a neglected area essential for therapy and pharmacological treatment development.