Program Goals/Target Population
The Auglaize County Transition (ACT) Program is one of the Nation’s first jail reentry programs. The goal of the program is to reduce recidivism of jail inmates once they reenter the community, and thus the program addresses the numerous problems faced by inmates during reentry, such as medical and mental health issues, job placement, or drug and alcohol addiction. The ACT Program relies on case managers that link inmates to resources that can appropriately deal with these issues, both in the community and in jail.
Immediately upon entering ACCC, correctional staff perform intake assessments, in which inmates report any problems or issues that may require treatment or services. Case managers review every inmate’s assessment and design a Reentry Accountability Plan based on inmates’ individual needs to assist them both during their time in jail and after their release. On top of reducing recidivism, the ACT Program strives to ensure that program participants meet the conditions of the Reentry Accountability Plans, through conducting drug screenings, monitoring program attendance, and conducting compliance reports.
Because the program works on a philosophy of providing individualized treatment to program participants, there are a variety of services and treatment options available to participants. These include employment placement, drug and alcohol treatment, mental health counseling, and education support (e.g., General Educational Development [GED] programs). Other treatment services—the majority of which are available to participants in jail—available through the ACT Program include Moral Reconation Therapy, Bible study/church services, anger management, Alcoholics Anonymous (or AA), and life skills training. In addition to access to these services, inmates meet with their case managers, who provide individualized, face-to-face monitoring.
Once a program participant is released from ACCC, case managers work with the Ohio Adult Parole Authority or the Municipal Court Probation Department to coordinate a transition plan that ensures aftercare services are continued and maintained while participants are under community supervision. Case managers also work with the Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services to provide ex-offenders with job placement assistance.
The ACT Program also involves an interagency collaboration called the Reentry Case Management Team. The team meets monthly and brings together a number of organizations that provide inmates with treatment and services to successfully reintegrate back into the community after release from jail. These community organizations include the Auglaize County Sherriff’s Office, the Auglaize County Municipal Court, Ohio Adult Parole Authority, the Auglaize County Probation Department, Community Connection for Ohio Offenders, Lutheran Social Services, St. Mary’s School District Adult Basic Education/GED Program, and ASTOP (a local substance abuse provider).
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The study by Miller and Miller (2010) found the
Logistic regression confirmed these findings, and showed a strong, significant link between ACT participants and lower recidivism rates. The calculated odds of rearrest using a multivariate logistic equation showed program participation reduced the odds of rearrest to 35 percent (compared to a raw difference of 70 percent). Only program participation and criminal history had a significant impact on the likelihood of recidivism.
The study also examined whether program completion of ACT participants was related to recidivism. Only 43.8 percent of participants successfully completed the program. Chi-square analysis found there was no significant bivariate relationship between program completion and recidivism.