Program Goal/Target Site
The public spaces in
At the time of the study,
In 1997, seven CCTV cameras were installed along High Street, much of which is a pedestrian zone, and in the adjacent car parks. The cameras could be used to identify individuals, groups, and car plate numbers in the majority of High Street and the car parks. Security staff monitored the cameras 24 hours each day, one operator per shift.
Crime prevention theory suggests that CCTV can reduce crime rates by increasing the probability that offenders will be caught; by increasing the perceived risk of offending; by increasing usage of space, which can, in turn, increase natural surveillance; and by increasing the effective deployment of police and security personnel.
Overall, violent crime was not reduced, but actually increased by 32 percent in
Property crime was reduced in the treatment area, particularly thefts from vehicles (reduced by 33 percent), other thefts (reduced by 36 percent), and criminal damage (reduced by 22 percent). In the comparison area, thefts from vehicles dropped by 4 percent, other thefts rose by 14 percent, and criminal damage rose by 29 percent. Both areas experienced drops in shoplifting rates (49 percent in