Program Goal/Target Population
Peers Making Peace (PMP) is a peer-mediation program designed to handle conflicts both in and out of school and to help maintain drug-free schools. The goal of the program is to improve school environments by reducing violence, assaults, and discipline referrals and by increasing academic performance. It is designed to work with students in prekindergarten through 12th grade.
The program is based on a combination of strategies that include life and social skills training, conflict prevention and resolution, parental involvement in conflict resolution education, and peer-led modeling and coaching. Each participating school selects a group of 15 to 24 students who represent the community’s racial, ethnic, and gender demographics, and these teams of students are trained to act as peer mediators on their school campuses. They are trained in skills such as conflict resolution, nonverbal communication, questioning, and maintaining neutrality. Peer mediators are also trained to serve as drug-free role models. Students apply the skills they learn by serving as third-party mediators to help those involved in conflict reach mutually satisfactory agreements.
The program supplies age-appropriate curricula for each level. The training activities for students vary in length from 10 to 45 minutes. The maximum training time each day varies by age group: elementary students receive no more than 3 hours a day on three different occasions, middle school no more than 4 hours on three different occasions, and high school students no more than 5 hours on three different occasions.
Most mediation takes place before or after school, during lunch, or during activity time.
The program is based on prevention and resiliency strategies. The intervention promotes social competence, personal problem-solving skills, sense of autonomy, and opportunities for meaningful participation.
14 to 19
Landry (2003) found that, compared to the control group, the Peers Making Peace (PMP) group had significantly fewer assaults. Assaults decreased by 90.2 percent in treatment schools, while increasing by 33.0 percent in control schools.
Compared to the control group, the PMP group had significantly fewer expulsions. Expulsions decreased by 73.0 percent in treatment schools, but increased by 6.2 percent in control schools.
Compared to the control group, the PMP group had significantly fewer discipline referrals. Discipline referrals decreased by 57.7 percent in treatment schools, but increased by 8.4 percent in control schools.
Compared to the control group, the PMP group had significantly fewer absences. The PMP program reduced the number of days absent on an average of more than one day per student.
Compared to the control group, the PMP group had significantly greater improvement in self-efficacy as measured by the composite score.
Compared to the control group, the PMP group had significantly greater improvement in academic performance as measured by the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills score.
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