The Student-Created Aggression Replacement Education (SCARE) Program is a school-based anger and aggression management program for adolescents, especially those at risk for academic and behavioral problems. The primary goals of the program are to teach at-risk youth about emotions, including anger and aggression, and to help them recognize alternatives to violent behavior and aggressive responses. It also aims to help young people make good decisions in response to perceived offenses and otherwise cope in risky situations.
Target Population and Program Theory
The program was developed specifically to be used with adolescents. The program is based on the belief that most angry and aggressive behaviors are related to the designation of other individuals’ intentions as hostile or biased. The SCARE Program aims to intervene early on in an adolescent’s life, when many of these perceived hostilities or offenses are formed. It then reattributes these offenses in order to prevent and reduce violent and aggressive behaviors and actions. This program was developed to exclusively emphasize violence and aggression beginning in early adolescence, because of evidence that this is a critical period in social development. The SCARE Program is unique in that it was developed with student input.
Program Components and Personnel
The program involves 16 different sessions of anger management and violence reduction intervention, clustered into three distinct yet related sections:
- recognizing anger and violence in the community
- managing and reducing self-expressions of anger
- defusing anger and violence in others
The program is delivered daily or twice per week, in 45- to 50-minute sessions, allowing it to be integrated into a classroom setting. Its curriculum was designed for broad-scale implementation by teachers, counselors, law enforcement officers, graduate or undergraduate students, or adult volunteers.
10 to 12
Anger and Aggression
The Sispass-Herrmann (2000) study measured the effects of the Student-Created Aggression Replacement Education (SCARE) Program on three different anger outcomes: State Anger, Trait Anger and Anger Control. The study found that there were no statistically significant differences between the treatment and the comparison group in any of the three measures of anger behavior. The study also measured program effects on aggressive attitudes and found significant group differences favoring the treatment group. However, overall the preponderance of evidence suggests that there was little to no behavioral change in the treatment group, and the program did not have the expected impact on participants.
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