1. SMART Leaders

SMART Leaders

Program Goal/Target Population

SMART Leaders is a 2-year booster program that follows from Stay SMART (for Skills, Mastery, And Resistance Training). Stay SMART is a curriculum-based program for 13- to 15-year-olds that teaches a broad spectrum of social and personal competence skills to help youths identify and resist peer and other social pressures to smoke, drink, and engage in sexual activity. Both are components of SMART Moves, a comprehensive drug and sexual activity prevention program offered through the Boys & Girls Clubs of America (BGCA).

Program Components

The SMART Leaders program reinforces the skills and knowledge learned in Stay SMART’s 12 sessions: 1) gateway drugs, 2) decision-making, 3) advertising, 4) self-image and self-improvement, 5) coping with change, 6) coping with stress, 7) communication skills, 8) social skills: meeting and greeting people, 9) social skills: boy meets girl, 10) assertiveness, 11) relationships, and 12) life planning skills. SMART Leaders encourages participants to stay involved in prevention activities and to be positive, drug-free role models for their peers.

SMART Leaders I involves five small group sessions consisting of role-playing and videotapes about identifying different peer pressures to use drugs and engage in sexual activity and learning to resist those pressures. SMART Leaders II is taught in three 1½-hour sessions using a video format, with one session dedicated to resisting alcohol, one session to resisting drugs, and one to resisting early sexual activity. Participants are encouraged to become involved in other programs and activities at the BGCA and to encourage their peers to be drug free.

Intervention ID

13 to 15


Study 1

Alcohol Behavior and Attitudes

St. Pierre and colleagues (1992) found that there were no differences in alcohol-related behavior between the control group and the Stay SMART group. However, there were marginally significant reductions in alcohol behavior reported by the Stay SMART + Boosters group (p < .06).

Over the course of the evaluation, the Stay SMART + Boosters group came to perceive fewer social benefits from drinking alcohol, while the Stay SMART Only and control groups came to perceive more social benefits from drinking.

Marijuana Behavior and Attitudes

Control group participants reported the most marijuana-related behavior. A moderate effect was found for both the Stay SMART (p < .06) and the Stay SMART + Boosters (p < .05) groups.

The youths in the Boosters group also perceived significantly fewer social benefits from smoking marijuana than those in the other two groups.

Cigarette Behavior

Compared with control group participants, participants in both the Stay SMART and the Stay SMART + Boosters group reported reduced cigarette-related behavior (p < .05).

Chewing Tobacco/Snuff Behavior

There were no differences for either the Stay SMART or the Stay SMART + Boosters group, compared with the control group.

Overall Drug Use

Compared with participants in the control group, participants in both the Stay SMART and the Stay SMART + Boosters group reported statistically significant lower drug use (p < .05).

Drug Knowledge

Both program groups showed significantly more knowledge concerning drug use than the control group (p < .05).

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