Program Goals and Activities
SMART Team (Students Managing Anger and Resolution Together) is a multimedia software program that uses games, simulation, animation, cartoons, and interactive interviews that engage adolescents in learning new skills to resolve conflicts and avoid violence. The computer-assisted intervention allows for interactivity, flexibility, personalization, and anonymity—aspects that may appeal to the target population.
The program has three major components:
- Anger management. Animation, interactive assessment interviews, and games teach students to recognize situations that can trigger anger, as well as how to handle their anger.
- Perspective taking. Games show students anger-causing situations from the different perspectives of people involved in those situations. Interviews of celebrities and older kids are shown to demonstrate how they handle conflict.
- Dispute resolution. An interactive mediation tool guides students in generating solutions to their conflict, resulting in a printed contract.
Target Population and Design
SMART Team is an eight-module, multimedia software program that teaches violence prevention concepts and methods to students in grades 6 through 9 (11 to 15 years old). The program’s content may be used in conjunction with conflict mediation curricula and other violence prevention strategies. Students can independently access modules for information, to build skills, or to resolve a conflict, eliminating the need for trained adult implementers.
11 to 15
The Bosworth et al. (2000) study found no significant differences in aggressive behavior between the treatment and control group when measured with the self-report scale.
Awareness, Beliefs, Efficacy, and Intentions
The treatment group had significantly higher scores in self-awareness and intentions to use nonviolent strategies, with significantly diminished beliefs that supported violence compared with the control group. However, there were no significant differences between the groups in self-efficacy, i.e., the confidence in using nonviolent strategies.