Behavior Management Interventions
Behavior management interventions often address specific behaviors that may differ across children in a classroom or service setting. Because they tend to focus on rewarding specific positive behaviors and penalizing specific negative behaviors, these interventions better lend themselves to more individualized formats because rewards or sanctions can be delivered directly following a behavior. Individualized formats allow youth to receive direct feedback on their behavior, often frequently. The focused attention in and of itself may also enhance the effectiveness of the provided treatment. Providing an intervention in a one-on-one format reduces or eliminates the distraction of other peers, which may increase the likelihood that youth engage fully with the intervention and with the provider. Individualized formats also allow for greater flexibility in tailoring the activities of the intervention more closely to the specific needs of the youth.
Many of the interventions in our evidence base with an individualized format used a form of contracting between youth and teacher or provider that specified behavioral goals, established a means of monitoring and feedback, and identified rewards if the goals were achieved – or sanctions if they were not. The use of behavioral contracting, which is specific to only one student, allows for an individualized intervention to be conducted in a regular classroom setting.