Grade Retention: What's the Prevailing Policy and What Needs to be Done?

This is a long-standing problem in our"age-graded" school system. And, it continues to be one of the most contentious issues in public education. Neither grade retention nor social promotion are recipes for narrowing the achievement gap or reducing dropouts. It is time for policy that doesn't "wait for failure;" it's time for a policy that doesn't react in ways that end up being more punitive than corrective.