Other Youth Topics

Employment During COVID-19

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation has developed a set of graphics to demonstrate the changes in employment and labor force participation among youth ages 16 to 24 during COVID-19. Updated 9/15/20.

1. Unemployment rates increased among youth age 16 to 24 after COVID-19
Unemployment rates increased among youth age 16 to 24 after COVID-19: This chart displays the unemployment rates among youth age 16 to 24 from the Current Population Survey. The left vertical Y-Axis is titled “% of Labor Force without Employment” and ranges from 0% to 30%. The horizontal X-Axis displays eight vertical bars representing the months between January 2000 and August 2020. The youth unemployment rates for January through March were between 8 and 9 percent and then they increased to 27 percent for April, 24 percent for May, 21 percent for June, 18 percent for July, and 14 percent for August.

The youth unemployment rates for January through March were between 8 and 9 percent and then they increased to:

  • 27 percent for April,
  • 24 percent for May,
  • 21 percent for June,
  • 18 percent for July, and
  • 14 percent for August.

2. Unemployment rates among youth age 16 to 24 remain higher than among older age groups

Unemployment rates among youth age 16 to 24 remain higher than among older age groups: This chart displays four lines representing the unemployment rates of four age groups from the Current Population Survey. The left vertical Y-Axis is titled “% of Labor Force without Employment” and ranges from 0% to 30%. The horizontal X-Axis displays eight months between January 2000 and August 2020. The lowest line represents the unemployment rates of persons age 45 to 64 and these rates begin at 3 percent in January and end at 7 percent in August. The second line represents persons age 25 to 44 and these rates begin at 4 percent in January and end at 8 percent in August. The third line represents persons age 65 and older and begins at 3 percent in January and ends at 9 percent in August. The fourth line represents youth age 16 to 24 and begins at 9 percent in January and ends at 14 percent in August.

  • The lowest line represents the unemployment rates of persons age 45 to 64 and these rates begin at 3 percent in January and end at 7 percent in August.
  • The second line represents persons age 25 to 44 and these rates begin at 4 percent in January and end at 8 percent in August.
  • The third line represents persons age 65 and older and begins at 3 percent in January and ends at 9 percent in August.
  • The fourth line represents youth age 16 to 24 and begins at 9 percent in January and ends at 14 percent in August.

3. White youth age 16 to 24 continue to have lower unemployment rates than other groups after COVID-19

White youth age 16 to 24 continue to have lower unemployment rates than other groups after COVID-19: This chart displays four lines representing the unemployment rates of four groups of youth differentiated by race and ethnicity from the Current Population Survey. The left vertical Y-Axis is titled “% of Labor Force without Employment” and ranges from 0% to 30%. The horizontal X-Axis displays seven months of data between January 2000 and August 2020. The lowest line represents the unemployment rates of white youth and these rates begin at 7 percent in January and end at 11 percent in August. The second lowest line represents Latino youth and these rates begin at 9 percent in January and end at 15 percent in August. The third line represents Black youth and begins at 15 percent in January and ends at 24 percent in August. The fourth line represents other youth and begins at 10 percent in January and ends at 20 percent in August.

  • The lowest line represents the unemployment rates of white youth and these rates begin at 7 percent in January and end at 11 percent in August.
  • The second lowest line represents Latino youth and these rates begin at 9 percent in January and end at 15 percent in August.
  • The third line represents Black youth and begins at 15 percent in January and ends at 24 percent in August.
  • The fourth line represents other youth and begins at 10 percent in January and ends at 20 percent in August.

4. Youth are more likely to have COVID-19-related reasons for being without employment

Youth are more likely to have COVID-19-related reasons for being without employment This slide presents a horizontal stacked-bar chart showing five bars representing the five age groups.  Each horizontal bar displays the percentages of persons that were (1) employed, (2) not-employed for reasons unrelated to COVID-19, (3) not-employed because of a COVID-related job loss, and (4) not-employed because of another COVID-related reason not directly related to employment such as being sick with COVID-19 symptoms, taking care of a family member with COVID-19 symptoms, or concerned about getting COVID-19 at work. The data presented are from the Census Bureau’s PULSE survey collected between July 16 and July 21, 2020. •	The percent of persons employed was 55 percent for youth age 18 to 24 compared to 63 percent for persons age 25 to 39, 64 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 54 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 22 percent for persons age 65 and older. •	The percent of youth that were not-employed for a non-COVID-19 reason was 17 percent compared to 16 percent for persons age 25 to 39, 17 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 31 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 69 percent for persons age 65 and older. •	The percent of youth that were not-employed because of a COVID-related job loss was 19 percent, compared with 15 percent for persons age 25 to 39, 15 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 12 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 7 percent for persons age 65 and older. •	The percent of youth that were not-employed for another COVID reason was 9 percent, compared to 5 percent of persons age 25 to 38, 4 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 2 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 1 percent for persons age 65 and older.

  • The percent of persons employed was 55 percent for youth age 18 to 24 compared to 63 percent for persons age 25 to 39, 64 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 54 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 22 percent for persons age 65 and older.
  • The percent of youth that were not-employed for a non-COVID-19 reason was 17 percent compared to 16 percent for persons age 25 to 39, 17 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 31 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 69 percent for persons age 65 and older.
  • The percent of youth that were not-employed because of a COVID-related job loss was 19 percent, compared with 15 percent for persons age 25 to 39, 15 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 12 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 7 percent for persons age 65 and older.
  • The percent of youth that were not-employed for another COVID reason was 9 percent, compared to 5 percent of persons age 25 to 38, 4 percent for persons age 40 to 54, 2 percent for persons age 55 to 64, and 1 percent for persons age 65 and older.

5. Six out of ten youth live in households experiencing a loss of employment income after COVID-19
Six out of ten youth live in households experiencing a loss of employment income after COVID-19 This slide presents a chart showing five horizontal bars whose length represents the percent of persons living in households that experienced a loss of employment income after COVID-19.  The data presented were from the Census Bureau’s PULSE survey collected between July 16 and July 21, 2020.  The percentage of youth was 62 percent, for persons age 25 to 39 the percent was 58, for persons age 40 to 54 the percent was 58, for persons age 55 to 64 the percent was 51 percent, and for persons age 65 and older was 29 percent.

  • The percentage of youth was 62 percent,
  • for persons age 25 to 39 the percent was 58,
  • for persons age 40 to 54 the percent was 58,
  • for persons age 55 to 64 the percent was 51 percent, and
  • for persons age 65 and older was 29 percent.