Other Youth Topics


  1. Youth Topics
  2. Homelessness and Runaway
  3. References


Altschuler, D. M., & Brash, R. (2004). Adolescent and teenage offenders confronting the challenges and opportunities of reentry. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2, 72-87.

Aratani, Y. (2009). Homeless children and youth: Causes and consequences. National Center forChildren in Poverty. Retrieved from http://homeless.samhsa.gov/ResourceFiles/vthrrc0x.pdf (PDF, 14 pages)

Barber, C. C., Fonagy, P., Fultz, J., Simulinas, M., & Yates, M. (2005). Homeless near a thousand homes: Outcomes of homeless youth in a crisis shelter. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 75, 347‐355.

Bowman, D., Dukes, C., & Moore, J. (2012). Summary of the state of research on the relationship between homelessness and academic achievement among school-aged children and youth. Retrieved from http://center.serve.org/nche/downloads/nche_research_pub.pdf (PDF, 33 pages)

Chen, X., Thrane, L., Whitbeck, L. B., & Johnson, K. (2006). Mental disorders, comorbidity, and postrunaway arrests among homeless and runaway adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 16(3), 379-402. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/sociologyfacpub/34

Cooper, E. F. (2006). The runaway and homeless youth program: Administration, funding, and legislative actions. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB4QFjAAahUKEwjVvOKB94HJAhUE7SYKHT1JCgg&url=http%3A%2F%2Fresearch.policyarchive.org%2F1736.pdf&usg=AFQjCNEVEwK2HGvcjA9OfKtT2BJxf_UOhg&sig2=JaG3NQ10hbLJOaAKI8Fn7A (PDF, 15 pages)

Courtney, M., Skyles, A., Miranda, G., Zinn, A., Howard, E., & George, R. (2005). Youth who run away from substitute care. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall Working Paper. Retrieved from http://www.chapinhall.org/sites/default/files/old_reports/174.pdf (PDF, 100 pages)

Greene, J., Sanchez, R., Manlove, J., Terry-Humen, E., Vandivere, S., Wertheimer, R.,…Ringwalt, C. L. (2002). Sexual abuse among homeless adolescents: Prevalence, correlates, and sequelae. Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/fys/sex_abuse/reports/sexabuse_hmless/sex_abuse_hmless.pdf (PDF, 150 pages)

Health Resources and Services Administration. (2001). Understanding the health care needs of homeless youth. Retrieved from http://bphc.hrsa.gov/archive/policiesregulations/policies/pal200110.html

Huntington, N., Buckner, J. C., & Bassuk, E. L. (2008). Adaptation in homeless children: An empirical examination using cluster analysis. American Behavioral Scientist, 51, 737-755.

Kaufman, J. G., & Widom, C. S. (1999). Childhood victimization, running away, and delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 36(4), 347-370.

Noell, J., Rohde, P., Ochs, L., Yovanoff, P., Alter, M. J., Schmid, S.,...Black, C. (2001). Incidence and prevalence of chlamydia, herpes, and viral hepatitis in a homeless adolescent population. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 28(1), 4-10.

Nyamathi, A., Hudson, A., Greengold, B., Slagle, A., Marfisee, M., Khalilifard, F., & Leake, B. (2010). Predictors of substance use severity among homeless youth. Journal of Child Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 23(4), 214–222.

Obradovic, J., Long, J. D., Cutuli, J. J., Chan, C-K., Hinz, E., Heistad, D., & Masten, A. (2009). Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 491-518.

Pecora, P. J., Williams, J., Kessler, R. C., Downs, A. C., O’Brien, K., Hiripi, E., & Morello, S. (2003). Assessing the effects of foster care: Early Results from the Casey national alumni study. Retrieved from http://www.casey.org/Resources/Publications/pdf/CaseyNationalAlumniStudy_FullReport.pdf (PDF, 57 pages)

Pergamit, M. (2010). On the lifetime prevalence of running away from home. Urban Institute: Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://www.urban.org/publications/412087.html

Pergamit, M., & Ernst, M. (2010). Running away from foster care: Runaway youth’s knowledge and access of services. Retrieved from http://www.1800runaway.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Part-C-Youth-in-Foster-Care.pdf (PDF, 61 pages)

Rotheram-Borus, M., Song, J., Gwadz, M., Lee, M., Van Rossem, R., & Kooperman, C. (2003). Reductions in HIV risk among runaway youth. Prevention Science, 4(3), 173-187.

Samuels, J., Shinn, M., & Buckner, J. C. (2010). Homeless children: Update on research, policy, programs, and opportunities. Retrieved from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/10/HomelessChildrenRoundtable/index.shtml

Sayfer, A. W., Thompson, S. J., Maccio, E. M., Zittel-Palamara, K. M., & Forehand, G. (2004). Adolescents’ and parents’ perceptions of runaway behavior: Problems and solutions. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21, 495-512.

Sedlak, A., Finkelhor, D., Hammer, H., & Schultz, D. J. (2002). National incidence studies of missing, abducted, runaway, and thrownaway children - II. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.kidfind.org/NISMART/196465-NISMART2.pdf (PDF, 12 pages)

Shinn, M., Schteingart, J. S., Williams, N. P., Carlin-Mathis, J., Bialo-Karagis, N., Becker-Klein, R., & Weitzman, B. C. (2008). Long-term associations of homelessness with children’s well-being. American Behavioral Scientist, 51, 789-810.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2004). Substance use among youths who had run away from home. The NSDUH Report. Office of Applied Studies: Rockville, MD. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k4/runaways/runaways.pdf (PDF, 3 pages)

Sullivan, P. M., & Knuston, J. F. (2000). The prevalence of disabilities and maltreatment among runaway children. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24(10), 1275–1288.

Terry, M. J., Bedi, G., & Patel, N. D. (2010). Healthcare needs of homeless youth in the United States. Journal of Pediatric Sciences, 2(17), 2-12.

Thompson, S. J., Bender, K. A., Lewis, C. M., & Watkins, R. (2008). Runaway and pregnant: Risk factors associated with pregnancy in a national sample of runaway/homeless female adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(2), 125-132.

Thompson, S. J., & Pollio, D. E. (2006). Adolescent runaway episodes: Application of an estrangement model of recidivism. Social Work Research, 15, 142-149.

Toro, P. A., Dworsky, A., & Fowler, P. J. (2007). Homeless youth in the United States: Recent research findings and intervention approaches. Retrieved from http://www.huduser.org/portal/publications/homeless/p6.html

Tucker, J. S., Edelen, M. O., Ellickson, P. L., & Klein, D. J. (2011). Running away from home: A longitudinal study of adolescent risk factors and young adult outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(5), 507-518.

United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. (2010). Opening doors: Federal strategic plan to prevent and end homelessness. Retrieved from http://www.epaperflip.com/aglaia/viewer.aspx?docid=1dc1e97f82884912a8932a3502c37c02

U. S. Department of Education. Planning and Evaluation Service. Elementary and Secondary Education Division. (2002). The education for homeless children and youth program: Learning to succeed. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/offices/OUS/PES/esed/learnsucceed/volume1.pdf

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2008). The runaway and homeless youth act. Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/fysb/content/aboutfysb/rhycomp08.htm

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (2009). The 2008 annual homeless assessment report to congress. Retrieved from http://www.hudhre.info/documents/4thHomelessAssessmentReport.pdf (PDF, 168 pages)

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2011). Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing: Defining ‘‘homeless’.’ Federal Register, 76 (233). Retrieved from http://www.hudhre.info/documents/HEARTH_HomelessDefinition_FinalRule.pdf (PDF, 26 pages)

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2012). Title 24: Housing and urban development: Part 5 –General HUD Program Requirements: Subpart I—Preventing crime in federally assisted housing—Denying admission and terminating tenancy for criminal activity or alcohol abuse. Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title24-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title24-vol1-part5-subpartI.pdf

Walsh, S. M., & Donaldson, R. E. (2010). Invited commentary: National safe place: Meeting the immediate needs of runaway and homeless youth. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 39, 437–445.

Wagner, V., Sy, J., Weeden, K., Blanchard, T., Cauce, A. M., Morgan,...Tomlin, S. (1994). Effectiveness of intensive case management for homeless adolescents: Results of a 3-month follow-up. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2, 219-227.

Whitbeck, L. B., Hoyt, D. R., Johnson, K. D., Berdahl, T. A., & Whiteford, S. W. (2002). Midwest longitudinal study of homeless adolescents. Baseline report for all participating agencies. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska, Department of Sociology.

Whitbeck, L. B., & Simons, R. L. (1993). A comparison of adaptive strategies and patterns of victimization among homeless adolescents and adults. Sociology Department, Faculty Publications. Paper 112. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/sociologyfacpub/112

Other Resources on this Topic


Youth Briefs

How Individualized Education Program (IEP) Transition Planning Makes a Difference for Youth with Disabilities

Youth who receive special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) and especially young adults of transition age, should be involved in planning for life after high school as early as possible and no later than age 16. Transition services should stem from the individual youth’s needs and strengths, ensuring that planning takes into account his or her interests, preferences, and desires for the future.

Youth Transitioning to Adulthood: How Holding Early Leadership Positions Can Make a Difference

Research links early leadership with increased self-efficacy and suggests that leadership can help youth to develop decision making and interpersonal skills that support successes in the workforce and adulthood. In addition, young leaders tend to be more involved in their communities, and have lower dropout rates than their peers. Youth leaders also show considerable benefits for their communities, providing valuable insight into the needs and interests of young people

How Trained Service Professionals and Self-Advocacy Makes a Difference for Youth with Mental Health, Substance Abuse, or Co-occurring Issues

Statistics reflecting the number of youth suffering from mental health, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders highlight the necessity for schools, families, support staff, and communities to work together to develop targeted, coordinated, and comprehensive transition plans for young people with a history of mental health needs and/or substance abuse.

Young Adults Formerly in Foster Care: Challenges and Solutions

Nearly 30,000 youth aged out of foster care in Fiscal Year 2009, which represents nine percent of the young people involved in the foster care system that year. This transition can be challenging for youth, especially youth who have grown up in the child welfare system.

Coordinating Systems to Support Transition Age Youth with Mental Health Needs

Research has demonstrated that as many as one in five children/youth have a diagnosable mental health disorder. Read about how coordination between public service agencies can improve treatment for these youth.

Civic Engagement Strategies for Transition Age Youth

Civic engagement has the potential to empower young adults, increase their self-determination, and give them the skills and self-confidence they need to enter the workforce. Read about one youth’s experience in AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC).