Resource: Age Boundaries of the Juvenile Justice System

This literature review provides an overview of the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system. The literature review also: 

  • Discusses the age boundaries of the juvenile justice system 

  • Provides definitions of relevant terms 

  • Describes common exceptions based on mitigating circumstances or transfer laws 

  • Presents national data trends on age in the juvenile justice system 

  • Summarizes research related to adolescent developmental science and its impact on the raise-the-age legislation and recent Supreme Court decisions on protections for youth 

  • Examines outcome evidence on the impact of changing the age boundaries for jurisdiction of juveniles who offend, including attempts at diverting them from adult court and transfer laws. 

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