Reports and Recommendations for Core Components

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Core components are the parts, features, attributes, or characteristics of an intervention that research shows are associated with its success. Because many aspects of a program can contribute to successful outcomes, core components can be the activities or content within a program (e.g., mindfulness instruction or anger management training), how a program is delivered (e.g., in a group, individually), who delivers a program (e.g., social workers, teachers), the program’s length and frequency, and even implementation strategies such as whether and how providers are trained and supervised. Through meta-analysis, HHS has identified with greater precision what works, in which contexts, and for which populations of young people related to two outcome domains: externalizing behavior and social competence.