Dept. of Justice

National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention Communities: Long Beach

The development of Safe Long Beach was a collaborative effort involving youth, adults, community and faith-based organizations, the school district, law enforcement, and city and county government. The plan examines existing evidence-based prevention strategies and practices, and it assesses how the existing citywide resources, services, and programs are being utilized and recommends how to coordinate these services in an effective and efficient manner.

Point of Contact:

Tracy M. Colunga, MSW
Special Projects Officer, Neighborhood Relations Division
Long Beach Development Services I Neighborhood Services Bureau
(562) 570-4413
333 W. Ocean Blvd., 3rd Floor
Long Beach, CA 90802
Tracy.Colunga@longbeach.gov
www.lbvpp.com

Resources

City of Cleveland's Youth Violence Prevention Plan

Background

Earlier iterations of The Cleveland Plan focused more heavily on prevention, intervention, and enforcement. In this version, Cleveland’s Steering Committee broadened its view on the needs of the formerly incarcerated population, and have agreed to partner with the Cuyahoga County Office of Reentry and STANCE on this work (formerly the Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative).

The City of Cleveland has been engaged in community listening sessions since 2014. The meetings were led by the Cleveland Peacemaker’s Alliance, police, and faith and community leaders. Information gathered at these sessions has been integrated along with resident recommendations from other major initiatives, such as the Byrne Criminal Justice Initiative, Healthy Cleveland Initiative and Defending Childhood Initiative, and have provided valuable guidance and insight in the development of this plan.

The Plan also builds on the neighborhood-focused work of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development funded by the Stokes Greater Cleveland Consortium for Youth Violence Prevention, a community-based participatory research model initiated in 2007. The Cleveland Plan draws on previous local successes, emanating from the ongoing Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative (started in 2006), which is now named Stand Against Neighborhood Crime Everyday, operating under the umbrella of the office of the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio.

Core Principles & Plan Development

We believe the youth violence prevention programs currently being implemented have aided in the overall reduction of youth arrests seen over the past five years and will be key to regaining significant declines. However, youth violence prevention must be viewed through a comprehensive frame, including universal, selected, and targeted approaches cutting across multiple disciplines.

Creation of The Cleveland Plan, and participation in the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention, has allowed for a more transparent information sharing process, linking programs into a continuum of service, and incorporating new and innovative strategies to effectively address the youth violence being experienced in our neighborhoods today.

The Cleveland Plan is anchored by three core principles:

  1. A multi-dimensional approach across disciplines, systems and levels (e.g. individual, family, schools, neighborhoods), spanning prevention, intervention and interdiction, and reentry.
  2. Strengthening existing evidence-based programs combined with the implementation of new promising and evidence-based programs that address gaps in services to our target population and support our core objectives.
  3. Support significant neighborhood-based input and data-driven decision-making.

Goals & Objectives

The following goals and objectives represent the core activities and programs of The Cleveland Plan, to provide services for youth ages 15 to 25:

Goal 1: Establish an accountable, transparent, and sustainable governance structure that provides collective decision-making regarding the reduction and prevention of youth violence.
Goal 2: Utilize a public health model to support a data-driven neighborhood-based violence prevention strategy.
Goal 3: Advance community and police relations through community empowerment, community skill building, police training, and proactive use of multi-disciplinary approaches to community problem solving.
Goal 4: Support community engagement with, and delivery of services for underserved and at-risk populations, particularly 15 to 25 year olds.

Governance

The Plan’s Steering Committee is convened by Mayor Frank Jackson. This committee will be housed in the City’s Community Relations Board and comprised of co-conveners from the City of Cleveland and Cuyahoga County local government; a Cleveland resident; a Juvenile Division judge; the Executive Director of Partnership for a Safer Cleveland; the Chief of the Cleveland Division of Police (CDP); and representatives from the media and corporate leadership.

The Steering Committee will meet quarterly to provide administrative leadership, the opportunity to review The Plan’s progress, and to set strategic assignments and direction.

National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention Communities: Cleveland

We believe the youth violence prevention programs currently being implemented have aided in the overall reduction of youth arrests seen over the past five years and will be key to regaining significant declines. However, youth violence prevention must be viewed through a comprehensive frame, including universal, selected, and targeted approaches cutting across multiple disciplines.

Creation of The Cleveland Plan, and participation in the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention, has allowed for a more transparent information sharing process, linking programs into a continuum of service, and incorporating new and innovative strategies to effectively address the youth violence being experienced in our neighborhoods today.

Point of Contact:

Michael L. Walker
Executive Director, Partnership For A Safer Cleveland
614 W Superior Avenue Suite 852
Cleveland, OH 44113-1306
(216) 523-1128
mwalker@safercleveland.org
www.safercleveland.org

Resources

City of Baltimore's Youth Violence Prevention Plan

Background

While the City of Baltimore, community and faith-based organizations, and individuals have made progress in reducing violent crime, the levels of violence affecting young people remains a significant problem. Homicides and non-fatal shootings increased significantly in 2015 to levels not seen in more than a decade.

In 2014, Mayor Rawlings-Blake launched a planning process to address violence affecting youth, under the age of 25, by calling upon a broad and diverse group of stakeholders to develop a comprehensive multi-sector plan to:

  • prevent violence affecting youth,
  • reduce the number of youth entering the juvenile justice system, and
  • foster positive youth development.

The B’More for Youth! Collaborative emerged out of this multi-sector planning process, which is part of Baltimore City’s participation in the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention (the Forum) and the UNITY City Network (UNITY). The intent of this process and the implementation of the Plan is to recognize, build on, and coordinate the related and complementary efforts underway in Baltimore, as part of achieving better outcomes for young people.

B’More for Youth! Principles:

  1. Young people, families and local residents must help shape the City’s priorities and drive change.
  2. Positive youth development principles and implementing practices from cradle to career are key to ensuring that our young people thrive, including extended education and economic opportunities, empowerment, and social, emotional, and spiritual supports.
  3. Efforts to improve outcomes for young people must promote equity and strengthen whole families and neighborhoods.
  4. Through a neighborhood-centered approach, we recognize and build on Baltimore City’s rich history, cultures, and existing assets.
  5. We address the impact of intergenerational trauma by working to heal trauma, build resilience, and restore safety, connectedness, and support among youth, families, and other caring adults.
  6. Multiple forms of violence can co-occur in homes, schools, and neighborhoods, while experiencing or witnessing violence can be a risk factor for experiencing future violence. We recognize these relationships and the need for a comprehensive, effective strategy to improve outcomes for young people.
  7. Robust cross-sector coordination and infrastructure in Baltimore City, and the implementation of evidence-informed approaches will help ensure the safety and success of Baltimore City youth, and help improve outcomes for families and neighborhoods. Together we can accomplish more than we could accomplish alone.
  8. We are all responsible for the safety, health, and wellbeing of Baltimore’s youth.

New Activities and Collaborative Initiatives

As part of the Plan, the B’More for Youth! Collaborative seeks alignment and collaboration with the following new activities and ongoing collaborative initiatives:

Emergency Room Violence Interruption Program: A partnership between the Baltimore City Health Department and local hospitals was established to encourage emergency room doctors to stop treating traumatic injuries as only medical problems. To ensure continuity of care, treatment begins in the hospital resulting in physicians referring victims of violence to appropriate services in the community. As a preventive measure, this program will provide resource cards and other tools to youth.

Youth Job Training Program, Mayor’s Office of Employment Development (MOED): Baltimore has received a five million dollar Federal grant to train youth in a wide array of fields including construction, automotive, and healthcare. It is estimated that upwards of 700 youth from across the city will receive training and other supports to improve socio-economic well-being. Awards will be made to several city agencies to assist in job training and employment development. Additionally, MOED was able to leverage additional funding to provide nearly 7,000 summer jobs through its YouthWorks program. This is a 25% increase from the previous summer.

Mayor’s Youth Fellowship Program: The program accepts referrals from partners in non-profit and City and State agencies for young people seeking employment beyond the summer opportunities afforded by YouthWorks. Partner organizations are recruited by the Mayor’s Office and include the Mayor’s Office of Human Services, the Housing Authority of Baltimore City, the Baltimore City Health Department, the Environmental Control Board, the Family League of Baltimore, Community Law in Action, and the YES Drop-In Center.

Youth Health and Wellness: The Baltimore City Health Department is leading strategic planning and coordination focused on the prevention of illness and promotion of youth well-being, starting from the cradle to age eighteen. Essentially, this is an “umbrella strategy” to the B’More for Youth Collaborative with a primary focus on a wide array of health-related strategies.

Dating Matters Communications Campaign: Baltimore City Health Department is leading a collaborative youth-focused communications campaign about teen dating violence. The campaign is intended to reinforce messages learned in school curricula, while using technology and language that is appealing and relevant for youth. The campaign was developed based on formative research and focus group testing. The campaign will be carried out using print, social, and text communication messaging.

Baltimore City Temporary Cash Assistance Employment and Training Program: Baltimore City Health Department, with funding from the Baltimore City Department of Social Services, will provide Baltimore City Temporary Cash Assistance customers an employment and training program that offers transportation to hard-to-reach job and education sites and provide wraparound employment services.

Baltimore City Schools Reengagement Strategy: The BCPS Re-Engagement Center is designed to support the re-entry of students who have left the system before achieving a high school diploma. The Re-Engagement Center's three primary purposes are: 1) Re-entry through a multifaceted intake process, 2) Transition support by using a step down approach to academic placement for students coming from correctional settings or those who have spent several months to several years outside of an educational environment, and 3) Crisis support for students who experience acute trauma and are unable to function in school.

Baltimore City Child Fatality Review Team: The multidisciplinary review board makes recommendations to mitigate child deaths by examining deaths of children less than 18 years old in Baltimore City on a case-by-case basis and through data analysis.

US Attorney’s Office Project Safe Neighborhoods: The program aims to reduce gang-related gun crime through coordinated federal, state, and local prosecution and law enforcement.

Baltimore Police Chaplaincy Program: This program addresses issues that impact police-community relations. The chaplains are clergy of diverse religious denominations who are assigned to high crime areas where they have influence.

BUILD Health Challenge – Healing Together: Preventing Youth Violence in Upton/Druid Heights: This collaboration will develop a comprehensive youth violence prevention plan for the Druid Heights and Upton neighborhoods. The initiative is led by the Druid Heights Community Development Center, the University of Maryland School of Social Work, the Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center at the University of Maryland Medical Center, the Baltimore City Health Department, and community-based organizations.

B’More for Youth! Collaborative Structure

The release of this Plan marks the formalization of the B’More for Youth! Collaborative and the Mayor’s charge to the collaborative to implement the Plan’s goals and strategies. The collaborative structure includes: Co-Chairs, Citywide Coordinating Team, Data and Evaluation Team, Druid Heights/Upton Pilot Neighborhood Team, Park Heights Pilot Neighborhood Team, McElderry Park Pilot Neighborhood Team, and Baltimore City Health Department Staff. The Citywide Coordinating Team includes members that are considered to be a part of a Core team, as indicated, and members who are a part of the Mayor’s Children’s Cabinet.

The Co-Chairs provide oversight and policy guidance, and will be accountable for moving the work forward. Dr. Leana Wen, Baltimore City Commissioner of Health, Honorable Kurt Schmoke, former Mayor of Baltimore, and Ms. Shaleece Williams, youth representative facilitate quarterly meetings to assess the implementation progress, receive updated assessments, review committee reports, and provide strategic direction to the Citywide Coordinating Team.

Goals, Outcomes, and Strategies

The overarching purpose of this plan is to support positive youth development and career trajectories in Baltimore City and to prevent violence affecting youth. Moreover, the B’More for Youth! Plan is fundamentally about shifting the “Cradle to Prison Pipeline” to a “Cradle to Career Pipeline.” The Plan is focused on the following overarching outcomes:

  • Over the next five years, increase the percent of citizens that report feeling “safe” or “very safe” at night in their neighborhood to 75 percent through a range of community-based public safety, legal, and public health efforts.
  • Decrease the number of youth under the age of 25 being arrested by five percent per year by improving police-community relations and providing alternatives to entering the criminal justice system.
  • Sustain and increase the juvenile diversion to arrest ratio, decreasing the number of people under the age of 25 entering the justice system.
  • Decrease the number of young people experiencing or witnessing violence by reducing the annual number of juvenile homicide and non-fatal shooting victims (combined) to less than 20 per year in the next five years.
  • Decrease the rate of Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) among youth of color as measured by the Relative Rate Index (RRI) for juveniles and youth ages 18 to 24.
  • Increase the number of young people by one percent per year in Baltimore’s Cradle to Career Pipeline.

Through building on and connecting with many assets and a number of other initiatives, the Plan’s overarching purpose will be accomplished primarily through the following five goals:

Goal 1: Early childhood is safe and nurturing.
Goal 2: Families are supported, connected, and empowered.
Goal 3: All young people are connected to a trusted adult.
Goal 4: Neighborhoods engage young people in positive opportunities.
Goal 5: People and neighborhoods have economic opportunities.

National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention Communities: Baltimore

The overarching purpose of the B’More for Youth! Plan is to support positive youth development and career trajectories in Baltimore City and to prevent violence affecting youth. Moreover, the plan is fundamentally about shifting the “Cradle to Prison Pipeline” to a “Cradle to Career Pipeline.”

The B’More for Youth! Collaborative emerged out of a multi-sector planning process, which is part of Baltimore City’s participation in the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention (the Forum) and the UNITY City Network (UNITY). The intent of this process and the implementation of the Plan is to recognize, build on, and coordinate the related and complementary efforts underway in Baltimore, as part of achieving better outcomes for young people.

Point of Contact:

Dedra D. Layne, LGSW
Director, Safe Streets Baltimore
Baltimore City Health Department
Office of Youth Violence Prevention
(443) 984-3566
Dedra.Layne@baltimorecity.gov

Resources

Programs and Strategies for Justice–Involved Young Adults

Does your organization have programs that address the needs of young adults involved in the criminal justice system? NIJ needs your help!

Tip Sheet for Mentors: Supporting Children Who Have an Incarcerated Parent

Download the PDF (4 pages).COIP TIp Sheet for Mentors

Mentors can play an important role in addressing the needs of children of incarcerated parents. Mentors are caring adults who work with youth as positive role models in a formal or informal way, offering consistent guidance and support. Youth connect with mentors through youth-serving organizations, including community-based organizations, faith-based organizations, businesses, and after-school programs. Mentors can help improve outcomes for the children of incarcerated parents by using research-based practices and effective supports.

Reminders

  • Every family’s experience is different. Some children lived with their incarcerated parent before their parent’s incarceration and others did not. Some children had a close relationship with that parent (regardless of whether they lived together) and others may not have. It is important not to make any assumptions.
  • Be aware of what researchers call the “conspiracy of silence.” Sometimes caregivers instruct children not to discuss the situation with anyone, for fear of the stigma and shame associated with incarceration. Children, too, may worry about people judging their parent. However, not understanding or not being able to talk about the situation can also be a source of stress for children. Sometimes the silence around the situation can become an inadvertent cause of shame. It is important for mentors to understand this dynamic and to signal to their mentees that they can be trusted and will not judge the child or their parent.1
  • Keep in mind that a parent’s crime or the fact that he or she is incarcerated does not indicate what kind of parent that individual was before incarceration, nor does it necessarily speak to a child’s relationship with that parent. Further, it is not a sign of the type of parent someone will be after release.

How Can Mentors Support Children Who Have an Incarcerated Parent?

Mentors can build a trusting relationship by participating in various activities with the child of an incarcerated parent.

Establish Understanding

  • Recognize that children of incarcerated parents may have difficulty trusting new adults. Because many have suffered a traumatic and sudden separation from their parent, they may be slow to trust new adults in their lives for fear that these people could also leave.
  • Sign up for a mentoring commitment only if you know you can stay involved for the designated period of time. You may want to establish clear expectations with your mentee for how frequently you will see him or her.
  • Learn from your mentor organization, the family, or the caregiver, whether the child knows the parent is incarcerated, how the child is coping with the parent’s incarceration, and what the status of the relationship is between the child and the caregiver.
  • Recognize that young people who have an incarcerated parent face different realities regarding their situation, ranging from not knowing about the incarceration to having witnessed an arrest, and wondering whether it is their fault. Reinforce that the incarceration is not their fault.
  • Understand that it is the youth’s decision to share details about their parent’s absence. It is best not to ask. They may choose to tell you, but it is not important to the mentor/mentee relationship.

Develop the Relationship

  • Take the time to learn about each other by talking about interests, family, and other topics based on your mentee’s comfort level. While getting to know the youth, be aware of potential sensitivities when talking about families. It is not necessary to avoid the topic of having an incarcerated parent, but be sensitive and avoid making assumptions.
  • Identify objectives for the mentoring relationship, preferably focused on the mentee’s goals and growth, possibly through shared interests.
  • Spend time doing activities that interest the child and expose him or her to new things and places (e.g., sports, games, arts, crafts, field trips to museums) while being sensitive to how your mentee might feel when out of his or her comfort zone and in unfamiliar surroundings.
  • Share stories and information about your own life experiences, including successes and challenges experienced along the way. If relevant, you may share your own experiences with having an absent parent, but keep in mind that having an incarcerated parent may be a different experience than other kinds of absence.

Mentors can help youth maintain their relationship with their incarcerated parent after learning the mentee’s, parent’s, and caregiver’s wishes regarding communication and the relationship.

  • Help your mentee understand that a parent’s incarceration does not have to be the end of the relationship between him or her and the absent parent.
  • Understand the barriers your mentee may face in maintaining or building a relationship with their incarcerated parent. These may include finances, communication, visitation/transportation, time commitments such as education and employment, and the desires of the incarcerated parent and/or caregiver.
  • Facilitate simple and inexpensive ways to foster the relationship.
    • Help youth coordinate with their parent specific days and times for phone calls, given facility rules and policies.
    • Help your mentee communicate with the incarcerated parent through letters, cards, or creative activities to keep the parent informed about the mentee’s life (e.g., drawings, photos, a collage of pictures about academic and extracurricular achievements that can be mailed or emailed to the parent). Provide the child with a box of stationery or notecards and postage, as allowed.
    • Become informed about the visitation process so you can help your mentee prepare for any potential visits to the incarcerated parent by sharing what to expect (e.g., going through security procedures, long drives and long waits, talking through a window or via videoconferencing, leaving food and personal items in the waiting area, dress codes, and lists of contraband).
  • Anticipate that visits may be difficult for the youth, even if they were looking forward to the trip. Expect that your mentee may have heightened emotions in the days following a visit. Mentors can help youth express their thoughts and emotions and explain that what they are feeling is normal. Help your mentee talk about the positive aspects of the visit.

Mentors can help the youth cope with having an incarcerated parent by understanding the situation without judgment and then providing assistance, education, and information.

  • If necessary and when appropriate, help the child understand the parent’s incarceration while honoring the wishes of the parent and/or caregiver. This may include providing or suggesting informative, age-appropriate literature. A variety of books on the topic of parental incarceration have been written for children at different age levels. You can find these books for sale online or at your public library. There are also free resources such as Sesame Street’s Little Children, Big Challenges: Incarceration.
  • Conduct informal networking in which the young person has opportunities to meet others who can contribute to his or her growth or serve as an inspiration, including other young people with incarcerated parents so youth know they are not alone.
  • Bring your concerns to the caregiver and/or the mentoring organization if you feel you have reached your capacity to address a mentee’s needs, and consider advocating and researching options for opportunities for the child to speak with a professional counselor about any challenges they might be experiencing.2

Mentors can support and help youth prepare for and adjust to their parent’s reentry into their lives, family, and community.

  • Recognize and acknowledge that there will be a transition period and the new circumstances may present challenges for the youth, parent, and caregiver. Keep in mind that:
    • A youth might have to adapt to having both parents as caregivers. Differences in parenting philosophies and choices can be sources of stress and conflict for the whole family.
    • A caregiver might have to adjust to co-parenting, which can be challenging after long periods of parenting alone.
    • Possible custody hearings or other proceedings may be difficult.
    • The homecoming may not live up to expectations. The recently released parent may not want a child to have a mentor.
    • The current caretaker may no longer be a child’s guardian after a parent’s release. This transition could be hard on everyone.

Reminders

  • Children who have an incarcerated parent are at heightened risk for exposure to substance abuse, mental illness, and inadequate education before their parent’s incarceration.3
  • The risk of children living in poverty or experiencing household instability increases with parental incarceration.4
  • Parental incarceration is recognized as an adverse childhood experience (ACE); it is distinguished from other ACEs by the combination of trauma, shame, and stigma.5
  • Youth developmental stages influence the experiences and effects of incarceration on children who have a parent in prison.6
    • Ages 2 to 6: separation anxiety, impaired social-emotional development, traumatic stress, and survivor guilt.
    • Ages 7 to 10: developmental regression, poor self-concepts, acute traumatic stress reactions, and impaired ability to overcome future trauma.
    • Ages 11 to 14: rejection of limits to behavior and trauma-reactive behaviors.
    • Ages 15 to 18: premature termination of dependency relationship with parent.

Relationship Resources

Overall Policy of Maintaining Parent-Child Relationships During Incarceration. State of Washington.
https://www.courts.wa.gov/subsite/mjc/docs/OverallPolicyArgumentsforIncarceratedParents.pdf (PDF, 7 pages)

Children of Parents In Jail or Prison: Issues Related to Maintaining Contact. Office of Child Development, University of Pittsburgh.
http://ocd.pitt.edu/Default.aspx?webPageID=244

Children Visiting Incarcerated Parents.
https://www.dhs.state.or.us/caf/safety_model/procedure_manual/appendices/ch4-app/4-16.pdf (PDF, 5 pages)

Children of Incarcerated Parents Library. Visiting Mom or Dad: The Child’s Perspective.
http://nrccfi.camden.rutgers.edu/files/cipl105-visitingmomordad.pdf (PDF, 9 pages)

Children of Incarcerated Parents Library. Jail and Prison Procedures: Information for Families.
http://nrccfi.camden.rutgers.edu/files/cipl106-jailandprisonprocedures.pdf (PDF, 6 pages)

Mentoring Resources

National Mentoring Resource Center.
http://www.mentoring.org/program_resources/national_mentoring_resource_center

Mentoring Children of Incarcerated Parents. Jarjoura, G.R., et al.
http://www.ojjdp.gov/about/MentoringCOIP2013.pdf (PDF, 63 pages)

Mentoring. Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs.
http://youth.gov/youth-topics/mentoring

Support Resources

Supporting Children and Families of Prisoners. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Children’s Bureau.
https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/supporting/support-services/prisoners/

Meeting the Needs of Children With an Incarcerated Parent American Bar Association.
http://apps.americanbar.org/litigation/committees/childrights/content/articles/spring2012-0312-incarcerated-parents-child-development.html

How to Explain…Jails and Prisons…to Children: A Caregiver’s Guide. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
http://www.f2f.ca.gov/res/pdf/HowToExplainJails.pdf (PDF, 15 pages)

How to Explain Jails and Prisons to Children: A Caregivers Guide. Inside Out Connection Project.
https://www.ifound.org/files/5914/4838/5784/InsideOutBrochure_FINAL.pdf (PDF, 31 pages)

Little Children, Big Challenges: Incarceration. Sesame Street Workshop.
http://www.sesamestreet.org/parents/topicsandactivities/toolkits/incarceration#sthash.vbW97npu.dpuf

General Resources

Children of Incarcerated Parents. Children of Incarcerated Parents Federal Website.
http://youth.gov/coip

FAQs About Children of Prisoners. Prison Fellowship.
http://www.prisonfellowship.org/resources/training-resources/family/ministry-basics/faqs-about-children-of-prisoners/

References

1 Jose-Kampfner, C. (1995). Post-traumatic stress reactions in children of imprisoned mothers. In K. Gabel & D. Johnston (Eds.), Children of incarcerated parents (pp. 89–100). New York, NY: Lexington Books.
2 Christian, S. (2009). Children of incarcerated parents. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures.
3 Phillip, S. D., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G. P., Costello, J. E., & Angold, A. (2006). Disentangling the risks: Parent criminal justice involvement and children’s exposure to family risks. Criminology and Public Policy, 5, 677–702.
4 Ibid.
5 Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., ... Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4), 245–258.
6 Travis, J., McBride Cincotta, E., & Solomon, A. L. (2005). Families left behind: The hidden costs of incarceration and reentry. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center.

Safeguarding Children of Arrested Parents Roll Call Training Video

The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) collaborated on the creation of the Safeguarding Children of Arrested Parents Roll Call Training Video based on the IACP/BJA Model Policy.

Guide for Incarcerated Parents Who Have Children in the Child Welfare System

A new guide helps parents involved in the criminal justice system work with the child welfare system to stay involved with their children and understand the reunification process.

Children of Incarcerated Parents: Presentations

Safeguarding Children of Arrested Parents: Implementing the Model Arrest Policy

On May 15, 2019, the Federal Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs, the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the American Institutes for Research hosted the webinar, Safeguarding Children of Arrested Parents: Implementing the Model Arrest Policy. This 90-minute live webinar highlighted the Model Arrest Policy implementation and is recommended for law enforcement staff, probation officers, social services staff, youth serving organizations, and researchers. The purpose of this webinar was:

  1. To highlight how a locality has instituted the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) model arrest policy through collaborations (e.g., between non-profit organizations and government agencies) to protect children of arrested parents.
  2. To share the experiences of a youth who has witnessed the arrest of her parent.
  3. To highlight research on the impact a parent’s arrest has on children, especially those who have witnessed the arrest.

Watch the webinar recording:

Download the presentation slides (PDF, 36 pages). 

Download the transcript (PDF, 27 pages).

 

Educators are Critical Partners in Making A Difference in the Lives of Children of Incarcerated Parents

On September 24, 2015, the Federal Interagency Reentry Council (FIRC) Subcommittee on Children of Incarcerated Parents and the American Institutes for Research hosted the webinar, Educators are Critical Partners in Making A Difference in the Lives of Children of Incarcerated Parents. This presentation and Q&A session provided the audience with statistics on the prevalence of children with incarcerated parents, practical tips for addressing the needs of these children and youth, and how to use collaboration, focused assistance, and advocacy to contribute to positive outcomes for children who have an incarcerated parent. Presenters included nationally-recognized experts, educators who are currently addressing the needs of children of incarcerate parents, and a youth whose parent is incarcerated:

  • Ann Adalist-Estrin — Director, National Resource Center on Children and Families of the Incarcerated
  • David Osher — Vice President and Institute Fellow, American Institutes for Research
  • Dwight Davis — Assistant Principal, Turnaround for Children Partner School
  • Kendall T. — U.S. Dream Academy Graduate
  • Download the speaker biographies (PDF, 5 pages).

Watch the webinar recording:

Download the presentation slides (PDF, 60 pages).

Download the transcript (PDF, 20 pages).

 

» Learn more about Children of Incarcerated Parents at youth.gov/COIP.

» Join the Children of Incarcerated Parents listserv.