Other Youth Topics

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  1. Youth Topics
  2. Juvenile Justice
  3. References

References

American Correctional Association. (2008). 2008 Directory: Adult and juvenile correctional departments, institutions, agencies, and probation and parole authorities. Alexandria, VA: Author.

The Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2021). Transforming probation for young people in California: Chief Probation Officers of California partners with the Casey Foundation. Retrieved from https://www. aecf. org/blog/transforming-probation-for-young-people-in-california

Archwamety, T., & Katsiyannis, A. (2000). Academic remediation, parole violations, and recidivism rates among delinquent youths. Remedial and Special Education 21(3), 161–170

Austin, J., Johnson, K. D., & Weitzer, R. (2005). Alternatives to the secure detention and confinement of juvenile offenders. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www. ojp. gov/PDFfiles1/ojjdp/208804. PDF (PDF, 41 pages)

Balfanz, R., Spiridakis, K., Neild, R. C., & Legters, N. (2003). High-poverty secondary school and juvenile justice systems: How neither helps the other and how that could change. New Directions for Youth Development, 99, 71–89.

Bilchik, S. (1998). Mental health disorders and substance abuse problems among juveniles. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Bilchik, S., & Altschuler, D. (2010). Webinar: Juvenile reentry in concept and practice. Washington, DC: National Reentry Resource Center. Retrieved from http://csgjusticecenter.org/nrrc/webinars/juvenile-reentry-in-concept-and-practice/

Blomberg, T. G., Bales, W. D., & Piquero, A. R. (2012). Is educational achievement a turning point for incarcerated delinquents across race and sex? Journal of Youth and Adolescence 41(2), 202–216

Brock, L., O’Cummings, M., & Milligan, D. (2008). Transition toolkit 2.0: Meeting the educational needs of youth exposed to the juvenile justice system. Washington, DC: National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At Risk (NDTAC).

Bryson, S. L., & Peck, J. H. (2020). Understanding the subgroup complexities of transfer: The impact of juvenile race and gender on waiver decisions. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 18(2), 135–155.

Butts, J. A., Bazemore, G., & Meroe, S. A. (2010). Positive youth justice: Framing justice interventions using the concepts of positive youth development. Washington, DC: Coalition for Juvenile Justice. Retrieved from http://nicic.gov/Library/024376 (pdf, 40 pages)

Center for Juvenile Justice Reform, National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice, National Juvenile Defender Center, National Youth Screening and Assessment Project, & Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps. (2011). Juvenile Diversion Guidebook. Retrieved from http://modelsforchange. net/publications/301 (PDF, 168 pages)

Colwell, B., Villarreal, S. F., & Espinosa, E. M. (2012). Preliminary outcomes of a preadjudication diversion initiative for juvenile justice involved youth with mental needs in Texas. Criminal Justice and Behavior 39(4), 447–60.

Cuevas, C. A., Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H. & Hamby, S. L. (2013). Children's exposure to violence and the intersection between delinquency and victimization. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://scholars. unh. edu/cgi/viewcontent. cgi?article=1028&context=ccrc

de Arellano, M. A., Lyman, D. R., Jobe-Shields, L., George, P., Dougherty, R. H., Daniels, A. S., Ghose, S. S., Huang, L. & Delphin-Rittmon, M. E. (2014). Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy for children and adolescents: Assessing the evidence. Psychiatric services (Washington, DC), 65(5), 591–602.

Dembo, R., Wareham, J., & Schmeidler, J. (2005). Evaluation of the impact of a policy change on diversion program recidivism. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 41(3), 29–61.

Department of Justice. (2021). Juveniles in Corrections: Demographics. State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2019. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203. asp?qaDate=2019&text=no&maplink=link4

Development Services Group, Inc. (2013). Protective factors for populations served by the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families: A literature review and theoretical framework. Bethesda, MD: Author Retrieved from https://dsgonline. com/acyf/DSG%20Protective%20Factors%20Literature%20Review%202013. PDF (PDF, 65 pages)

Development Services Group, Inc. (2014). Alternatives to Detention and Confinement. Literature Review. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. https://www. ojjdp. gov/mpg/litreviews/AlternativesToDetentionandConfinement. pdf (PDF, 6 pages)

Development Services Group, Inc. (2017). Intersection between mental health and the juvenile justice system. Literature Review. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/mpg/litreviews/Intersection-Mental-Health-Juvenile-Justice. PDF (PDF, 13 pages)

Dierkhising, C. B., Herz, D., Hirsch, R. A., & Abbott, S. (2019). System backgrounds, psychosocial characteristics, and service access among dually involved youth: A Los Angeles case study. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice 17(3), 309–329.

Ehrmann, S., Hyland, N. & Puzzanchera, C., (2019). Girls in the juvenile justice system. Juvenile Justice Statistics: National Report Series Bulletin. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/pubs/251486. pdf (PDF, 24 pages)

Farrell, J., Betsinger, A., & Hammond, P. (2018). Best practices in youth diversion: Literature review for the Baltimore City Youth Diversion Committee. University of Maryland School of Social Work. Retrieved from https://theinstitute. umaryland. edu/media/ssw/institute/md-center-documents/Youth-Diversion-Literature-Review. PDF>(PDF, 26 pages)

Farrington, D. P. (2012). Should the juvenile justice system be involved in early intervention? Criminology and Public Policy, 11(2), 265–274.

Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice. (2006). Annual report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/218367.pdf. (pdf, 45 pages)

Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., & Edwards, V. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14, 245–58.

Flores, J. R. (2003). Child delinquency: Early intervention and prevention. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from https://www. ojp. gov/PDFfiles1/ojjdp/186162. PDF (PDF, 20 pages)

Fox, B. H., Perez, N., Cass, E., Baglivio, M. T., & Epps, N. (2015). Trauma changes everything: Examining the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and serious, violent and chronic juvenile offenders. Child Abuse & Neglect, 46, 163–73.

Gerlinger, J., Viano, S., Gardella, J. H., Fisher, B. W., Curran, F. C., & Higgins, E. M. (2021). Exclusionary school discipline and delinquent outcomes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 50, 1493–1509.

Gies, S. (2003) Aftercare services. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/201800.pdf (pdf, 31 pages)

Greenwood, P. (2008). Prevention and intervention programs for juvenile offenders. The Future of Children, 18(2), 185–210.

Greenwood, P., Model, K., Rydel, C., & Chiesa, J. (1996). Diverting children from a life of crime: Measuring costs and benefits. Arlington, VA: RAND Corporation.

Grunwald, H. E., Lockwood, B., Harris, P. W., & Mennis, J. (2010). Influences of neighborhood context, individual history and parenting behavior on recidivism among juvenile offenders. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 39, 1067–1079

Herz, D. C., & Dierkhising, C. B. (2019). OJJDP Dual System Youth Design Study: Summary of findings and recommendations for pursuing a national estimate of dual system youth. Final Technical Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Herz, D. C., Dierkhising, C. B., Raithel, J., Schretzman, M., Guiltinan, S., Goerge, R. M., Cho, Y., Coulton, C., & Abbott, S. (2019). Dual system youth and their pathways: A comparison of incidence, characteristics and system experiences using linked administrative data. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 48(12), 2432–2450.

Herz, D. C., & Ryan, J. P. (2008). Exploring the characteristics and outcomes of 241.1 youth crossing over from dependency to delinquency in Los Angeles. San Francisco: Center for Families, Children and the Courts, Administrative Office of the Courts.

Herz, D. C., Ryan, J. P., & Bilchik, S. (2010). Challenges facing crossover youth: An examination of juvenile justice decision making and recidivism. Family Court Review, 48(2), 305–321.

Hockenberry, S. (2020). Delinquency cases in juvenile court, 2018. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/publications/delinquency-cases-in-juvenile-court-2018. PDF (PDF, 4 pages)

Hockenberry, S. (2020). Juveniles in residential placement, 2017. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/media/document/juveniles-in-residential-placement-2017. PDF (PDF, 16 pages)

Hockenberry, S. (2021). Delinquency cases waived to criminal court, 2018. Juvenile justice statistics national report series fact sheet. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/publications/delinquency-cases-waived-2018. PDF (PDF, 4 pages)

Hockenberry, S. & Puzzanchera, C. (2021). Trends and characteristics of delinquency cases handled in juvenile court, 2019. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/snapshots/DataSnapshot_JCS2019. pdf (PDF, 1 page)

Hockenberry, S., & Puzzanchera, C. (2021). Juvenile court statistics, 2019. National Center for Juvenile Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/njcda/pdf/jcs2019. pdf (PDF, 114 pages)

Hovey, K. A., Zolkoski, S. M., & Bullock, L. M. (2017). Mental health and the juvenile justice system: Issues related to treatment and rehabilitation. World Journal of Education, 7(3), 1-3. Retrieved from https://files. eric. ed. gov/fulltext/EJ1157674. pdf (PDF, 13 pages)

Jeong, S., Lee, B. H., & Martin, J. H. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of a special needs diversionary program in reducing reoffending among mentally ill youthful offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 58(9), 1058–80.

Jessor, R. (Ed.). (1998). New perspectives on adolescent risk behavior. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Jung, H., Herrenkohl, T. I., Klika, J. B., Lee, J. O., & Brown, E. C. (2015). Does child maltreatment predict adult crime? Reexamining the question in a prospective study of gender differences, education, and marital status. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(13), 2238–2257.

Justice, N. C. for J. (2021). Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics (EZAJCS). Working for Youth Justice and Safety. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/#maincontent

Justice Policy Institute. (2020). Sticker shock 2020: The cost of youth incarceration. Retrieved from https://www. justicepolicy. org/uploads/justicepolicy/documents/Sticker_Shock_2020. PDF (PDF, 15 pages)

Kendziora, K. T., & Osher, D. M. (2004). Fostering resilience among youth in the juvenile justice system. In C. S. Clauss-Ehler & M. D. Weist (Eds.), Community planning to foster resilience in children (177-195). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Kim, M., Garcia, A. R., Jung, N., & Barnhart, S. (2020). Rates and predictors of mental health service use among dual system youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 114, 1–10.

Krezmien, M. P. & Mulcahy, C. (2008). Literacy and Delinquency: Current status of reading interventions with detained and incarcerated youth.Reading & Writing Quarterly, 24(2), 219–238.

Lee, S. Y., & Villagrana, M. 2015. Differences in risk and protective factors between crossover and noncrossover youth in juvenile justice. Children and Youth Services Review, 58, 18–27.

Leone, P., & Weinberg, L. (2010). Addressing the unmet educational needs of children and youth in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems. Washington, DC: Center for Juvenile Justice Reform. Retrieved from http://www.jimcaseyyouth.org/sites/default/files/Georgetown%20educational%20needs%20paper.2010_0.pdf (pdf, 74 pages)

Loeber, R. Farrington, D. P., & Petechuk, D. (2003). Child delinquency: Early intervention and prevention. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/186162.pdf (pdf, 20 pages)

McCroskey, J., Herz, D., & Putnam–Hornstein, E. (2018). Crossover youth: Los Angeles probation youth with previous referrals to child protective services. Los Angeles, CA: Children’s Data Network.

Meservey, F., & Skowyra, K. R. (2015). Caring for youth with mental health needs in the juvenile justice system: Improving knowledge and skills. Research and Program Brief, 2(2).

Milaniak, I., & Widom, C. S. (2015). Does child abuse and neglect increase risk for perpetration of violence inside and outside the home? Psychology of Violence, 5(3), 246–255.

Mulvey, E. P., Schubert, C. A., & Chassin, L. (2010). Substance use and delinquent behavior among serious adolescent offenders. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/232790.pdf (pdf, 16 pages)

Murray, J., & Farrington, D. P. (2010). Risk factors for conduct disorder and delinquency: Key findings from longitudinal studies. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 55(10), 633.

National Juvenile Justice Network. (2014). Reducing racial and ethnic disparities in juvenile justice systems: Promising practices. Policy Update. Retrieved from https://njjn. org/uploads/digital-library/RED-Policy-Update-0914-FINAL. PDF?phpMyAdmin=14730ab3483c51c94ca868bccffa06ef

Nellis, A., & Wayman, R. H. (2009). Back on track: Supporting youth reentry from out-of-home placement to the community. Washington, DC: Youth Reentry Task Force of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Coalition. Retrieved from http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/CC_youthreentryfall09report.pdf (pdf, 48 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention & Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Shared framework for reducing youth violence and promoting well being. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/media/document/Shared-Framework-for-Youth-Violence-Prevention. PDF (PDF, 15 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2017). Literature review: Intersection between mental health and the juvenile justice system. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/mpg/literature-review/mental-health-juvenile-justice-system. pdf (PDF, 13 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2017). Literature review: Formal, post-adjudication juvenile probation services. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/media/document/probation_services. PDF(PDF, 9 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2017). Literature review: Juvenile Reentry. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/media/document/aftercare. PDF(PDF, 14 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2019). Education for youth under formal supervision of the Juvenile Justice System. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/media/document/education-for-youth-in-the-juvenile-justice-system. PDF (PDF, 18 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2021). Literature review: Intersection of juvenile justice and child welfare systems: A product of the model programs guide. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/model-programs-guide/literature-reviews/Intersection-Juvenile-Justice-Child-Welfare-Systems#8

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2021). Delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court, 1985-2019. OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06502. asp?qaDate=2019

Osher, D. (1996). Strengths-based foundations of hope. Reaching Today’s Youth, 1, 26–29.

Osher, D., Quinn, M. M., Poirier, J. M., & Rutherford, R. B. (2003). Deconstructing the pipeline: Using efficacy and effectiveness data and cost-benefit analyses to reduce minority youth incarceration. New Directions for Youth Development, 99, 91–120.

Petrosino, A., Turpin-Petrosino, C., Guckenberg, S. (2010). Formal system processing of juveniles: Effects on delinquency. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 1.

Platt, J., Bohac, P., & Wade, W. (2015). The challenges in providing needed transition programming to juvenile offenders. Journal of Correctional Education (1974-), 66(1), 4–20. Retrieved from https://www. jstor. org/stable/26507753

Puzzanchera, C. (2021). Juvenile arrests, 2019. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/publications/juvenile-arrests-2019. PDF (PDF, 16 pages)

Puzzanchera, C. (2021). Trends and characteristics of youth in residential placement, 2019. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/snapshots/DataSnapshot_CJRP2019. pdf

Puzzanchera, C., & Ehrmann, S. (2018). Spotlight on girls in the juvenile justice system. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/snapshots/DataSnapshot_GIRLS2015. PDF (PDF, 1 page)

Puzzanchera, C., Adams, B., & Sickmund, M. (2011). Juvenile court statistics 2008. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice. Retrieved from http://www.ncjj.org/pdf/jcsreports/jcs2008.pdf (pdf, 150 pages)

Quinn, M. M., Rutherford, R. B., & Leone, P. E. (2001). Students with disabilities in correctional facilities. Arlington, VA: ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education. Retrieved from http://ericec.org/digests/e621.html

Ryon, S. B., Early, K. W., Hand, G., & Chapman, S. (2013). Juvenile Justice Interventions: System escalation and effective alternatives to residential placement. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 52(5), 358–375.

Sedlak, A. J., & McPherson, K. (2010). Survey of youth in residential placement: Youth’s needs and services. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/227728.pdf. (pdf, 12 pages)

The Sentencing Project. (2010). Youth reentry. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/jj_youthreentryfactsheet.pdf (pdf, 4 pages)

Schubert, C. A., & Mulvey, E. P. (2014). Behavioral health problems, treatment, and outcomes in serious youthful offenders. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Schubert, C. A., Mulvey, E. P., & Glasheen, C. (2011). Influence of mental health and substance use problems and criminogenic risk on outcomes in serious juvenile offenders. Journal of American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 50(9), 925–37.

Sickmund, M., & Puzzanchera, C. (2014). Juvenile offenders and victims: 2014 National Report. Pittsburgh, PA. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Retrieved from https://www. ojjdp. gov/ojstatbb/nr2014/downloads/NR2014. pdf

Sickmund, M., Sladky, T. J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C. (2008). Easy access to the census of juveniles in residential placement. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/

Silverthorn, P., & Frick, P. J. (1999). Developmental pathways to antisocial behavior: The delayed-onset pathway in girls. Development and Psychology, 11, 101–126.

Skowyra, K. R., & Cocozza, J. J. (2007). Blueprint for change: A comprehensive model for the identification and treatment of youth with mental health needs in contact with the juvenile justice system. Delmar, NY: National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. Retrieved from http://www.ncmhjj.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Blueprint.pdf (pdf,140 pages)

Skowyra, K., & Cocozza, J. (2006). Mental health screening within juvenile justice: The next frontier. Delmar, NY: National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. Retrieved from http://www.modelsforchange.net/publications/198 (pdf, 38 pages)

Skowyra, K., & Powell, S. D. (2006). Juvenile diversion: Programs for justice-involved youth with mental health disorders. Delmar, NY: National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice.

Smith, E. L., & Stroop, J. (2019). Sexual victimization reported by youth in juvenile facilities, 2018 (Ser. PREA Publications, pp. 1–31). U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from https://bjs. ojp. gov/content/pub/PDF/svryjf18. PDF (PDF, 31 pages)

Stewart, M. J. (2008). An outcomes study of juvenile diversion programs on non-serious delinquent and status offenders. Cleveland, OH: Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/ap/10?0::NO:10:P10_ACCESSION_NUM:case1215365411

Teplin, L. A., Abram, K. M., Washburn, J. J., Welty, L. J., Hershfield, J. A., & Dulcan, M. K. (2013). The Northwestern Juvenile Project: Overview. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://ojjdp. ojp. gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/pubs/234522. PDF (PDF, 16 pages)

Thornberry, T.P. (2008). Co-occurrence of problem behaviors among adolescents. Paper presented at Multi-Systems Approaches in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: Wingspread Conference, the Johnson Foundation and the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform.

Vanderbilt-Adriance, E., & Shaw, D. (2008). Protective factors and the development of resilience in the context of neighborhood disadvantage. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 36(6), 887–-901.

Wasserman, G., Keenan, K., Tremblay, R., Coie, J., Herrenkohl, T., Loeber, R., & Petecheek, D. (2003). Risk and protective factors of child delinquency. Child delinquency bulletin series.Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/193409.pdf (pdf, 16 pages)

Wolff, K. T., Baglivio, M. T., & Piquero, A. R. (2015). The relationship between adverse childhood experiences and recidivism in a sample of juvenile offenders in community-based treatment. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 16(1), 1210–42.

Wyrick, P., & Atkinson, K. (2021). Examining the relationship between childhood trauma and involvement in the justice system. National Institute of Justice Journal. U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from https://nij. ojp. gov/topics/articles/examining-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-involvement-justice-system.

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Zhang, D., Willson, V., Katsiyannis, A., Barrett, D. E., Ju, S., & Wu, J. Y. (2010). Truancy offenders in the juvenile justice system: A multi-cohort replication study. Behavioral Disorder, 35, 229–242.

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How Individualized Education Program (IEP) Transition Planning Makes a Difference for Youth with Disabilities

Youth who receive special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) and especially young adults of transition age, should be involved in planning for life after high school as early as possible and no later than age 16. Transition services should stem from the individual youth’s needs and strengths, ensuring that planning takes into account his or her interests, preferences, and desires for the future.

Youth Transitioning to Adulthood: How Holding Early Leadership Positions Can Make a Difference

Research links early leadership with increased self-efficacy and suggests that leadership can help youth to develop decision making and interpersonal skills that support successes in the workforce and adulthood. In addition, young leaders tend to be more involved in their communities, and have lower dropout rates than their peers. Youth leaders also show considerable benefits for their communities, providing valuable insight into the needs and interests of young people

How Trained Service Professionals and Self-Advocacy Makes a Difference for Youth with Mental Health, Substance Abuse, or Co-occurring Issues

Statistics reflecting the number of youth suffering from mental health, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders highlight the necessity for schools, families, support staff, and communities to work together to develop targeted, coordinated, and comprehensive transition plans for young people with a history of mental health needs and/or substance abuse.

Young Adults Formerly in Foster Care: Challenges and Solutions

Nearly 30,000 youth aged out of foster care in Fiscal Year 2009, which represents nine percent of the young people involved in the foster care system that year. This transition can be challenging for youth, especially youth who have grown up in the child welfare system.

Coordinating Systems to Support Transition Age Youth with Mental Health Needs

Research has demonstrated that as many as one in five children/youth have a diagnosable mental health disorder. Read about how coordination between public service agencies can improve treatment for these youth.

Civic Engagement Strategies for Transition Age Youth

Civic engagement has the potential to empower young adults, increase their self-determination, and give them the skills and self-confidence they need to enter the workforce. Read about one youth’s experience in AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC).