Other Youth Topics


Dubois, D. L., Portillo, N., Rhode, J. E., Silverthorn, N., Valentine, J. C. (2011). How effective are mentoring programs for youth? A systematic assessment of the evidence. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 12(2), 57-91.

Egley, A., & Howell, J. C. (2011). Highlights of the 2009 National Youth Gang Survey. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/233581.pdf (PDF, 4 pages)

Egley, A., & Howell, J. C. (2012). Highlights of the 2010 National Youth Gang Survey. Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/237542.pdf (PDF, 4 pages)

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2011). 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment: Emerging trends. National Gang Intelligence Center. Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/2011-national-gang-threat-assessment/2011-national-gang-threat-assessment-emerging-trends

Fight Crime: Invest in Kids. (2004). Caught in the Crossfire: Arresting Gang Violence by Investing in Kids. Washington, DC: Fight Crime: Invest in Kids.

Hawkins, D. J., Herrenkohl, T. I., Farrington, D. P., Brewer, D., Catalano, R. F., Harachi, T. W. , & Cothern, L. (2000). Predictors of youth violence. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/179065.pdf (PDF, 12 pages)

Hill, K. G., Howell, J. C., Hawkins, J. D., & Battin-Pearson, S. R. (1999). Childhood Risk Factors for Adolescent Gang Membership: Results From the Seattle Social Development Project. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 36(3), 300–322.

Howell, J. C. (1994). Gangs. Fact sheet #12. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Howell, J. C. (1998). Guide for implementing the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Howell, J. C. (2006). The Impact of Gangs on Communities. OJJDP NYGC Bulletin. Retrieved from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Content/Documents/Impact-of-Gangs-on-Communities.pdf (PDF, 9 pages)

Howell, J. C. (2007). Menacing or mimicking?: Realities of youth gangs. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 58(2), 39-50. Retrieved from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Content/Documents/Menacing-or-Mimicking.pdf (PDF, 12 pages)

Jekielek, S., Moore K. A., & Hair, E. C. (2002). Mentoring programs and youth development: A synthesis. Washington, DC: Child Trends. Retrieved from http://www.mentorwalk.org/documents/mentoring-synthesis.pdf (PDF, 68 Pages)

Krohn, M. D., Ward, T. P., Thornberry, A. J., & Lizotte, R. C. (2011). The cascading effects of adolescent gang involvement across the life course. American Society of Criminology, 49(4), 991–1028.

McDaniel, D. D. (2012). Risk and protective factors associated with gang affiliation among high-risk youth: A public health approach. Injury Prevention. Retrieved from http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2012/01/04/injuryprev-2011-040083.full

Moore, J. & Hagedorn, J.(2001). Female Gangs: A Focus on Research. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/186159.pdf (PDF, 12 pages)

National Gang Center. (2012). National Youth Gang Survey Analysis. Retrieved from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Survey-Analysis

National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention. (2011). National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention Strategic Plan. Retrieved from http://youth.gov/docs/Forum_Strategic_Plan_FINAL_10.27.11.pdf (PDF, 15 pages)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2009). OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: A guide to assessing your community’s youth gang problem. Retrieved from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Content/Documents/Assessment-Guide/Assessment-Guide.pdf (PDF, 139 pages)   

Thornberry, T. P., Krohn, M. D., Lizotte, A. J., Smith, C. A., & Tobin, K. (2003). Gangs and delinquency in developmental perspective. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 

Zahn, M. A., Agnew, R., Fishbein, D., Miller, S., Winn, D. M., Dakoff, G., Kruttschnitt, C., Giordano, P., Gottfredson, D. C., Payne, A. A., Feld, B. C., & Chesney-Lind, M. (2010). Causes and correlates of girls’ delinquency. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/226358.pdf (PDF, 20 pages)

Other Resources on this Topic


Videos & Podcasts

Youth Briefs

How Individualized Education Program (IEP) Transition Planning Makes a Difference for Youth with Disabilities

Youth who receive special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) and especially young adults of transition age, should be involved in planning for life after high school as early as possible and no later than age 16. Transition services should stem from the individual youth’s needs and strengths, ensuring that planning takes into account his or her interests, preferences, and desires for the future.

Youth Transitioning to Adulthood: How Holding Early Leadership Positions Can Make a Difference

Research links early leadership with increased self-efficacy and suggests that leadership can help youth to develop decision making and interpersonal skills that support successes in the workforce and adulthood. In addition, young leaders tend to be more involved in their communities, and have lower dropout rates than their peers. Youth leaders also show considerable benefits for their communities, providing valuable insight into the needs and interests of young people

How Trained Service Professionals and Self-Advocacy Makes a Difference for Youth with Mental Health, Substance Abuse, or Co-occurring Issues

Statistics reflecting the number of youth suffering from mental health, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders highlight the necessity for schools, families, support staff, and communities to work together to develop targeted, coordinated, and comprehensive transition plans for young people with a history of mental health needs and/or substance abuse.

Young Adults Formerly in Foster Care: Challenges and Solutions

Nearly 30,000 youth aged out of foster care in Fiscal Year 2009, which represents nine percent of the young people involved in the foster care system that year. This transition can be challenging for youth, especially youth who have grown up in the child welfare system.

Coordinating Systems to Support Transition Age Youth with Mental Health Needs

Research has demonstrated that as many as one in five children/youth have a diagnosable mental health disorder. Read about how coordination between public service agencies can improve treatment for these youth.

Civic Engagement Strategies for Transition Age Youth

Civic engagement has the potential to empower young adults, increase their self-determination, and give them the skills and self-confidence they need to enter the workforce. Read about one youth’s experience in AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC).