Other Youth Topics


  1. Youth Topics
  2. References


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American Association of School Administrators, American Federation of Teachers, American School Counselor Association, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, National Association of Elementary School Principals, National Association of Independent Schools…the United Church of Christ Justice & Witness Ministries. (n.d.). Dealing with legal matters surrounding students’ sexual orientation and gender identity. Retrieved from http://www.glsen.org/sites/default/files/Dealing%20with%20Legal%20Matters%204.12.13.pdf

American Psychological Association. (2011). Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender concerns. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/index.aspx

Arizent. (2021). LGBTQ+ Trend Report the Inclusive Advantage. LGBTQ+ Trend Report. Retrieved October 4, 2021, from https://arizent.brightspotcdn.com/e9/32/cbdcc9464e97b0ce996fdee62a72/pride-2021-trend-report-v2-1.pdf (pdf, 9 pages)

Badgett, M. V. L., Lau, H., Sears, B., & Ho, D. (2007). Bias in the workplace: Consistent evidence of sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA School of Law, The Williams Institute. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/research/workplace/bias-in-the-workplace-consistent-evidence-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-discrimination/

Baams, L., Wilson, B. D. M., & Russell, S. T. (2019). Youth in unstable housing and foster care. Pediatrics, 143(3), e20174211.

Bauermeister, J. A., Pingel, E. S., Jadwin-Cakmak, L., Harper, G. W., Horvath, K., Weiss, G., & Dittus, P. (2015). Acceptability and Preliminary Efficacy of a Tailored Online HIV/STI Testing Intervention for Young Men who have Sex with Men: The Get Connected! Program. AIDS and Behavior, 19(10), 1860–1874.

Bearse, M. L. (2012). Becoming who we are meant to be: Native Americans with two-spirit, LGBT, and/or related tribal identities. In S. K. Fisher, J. M. Poirier, & G. M. Blau (Eds.), Improving emotional and behavioral outcomes for LGBT youth: A guide for professionals (pp. 87–109). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.

Berberet, H. (2006). Putting the pieces together for queer youth: A model of integrated assessment of need and program planning. Child Welfare, 85(2), 361–384.

Center for American Progress. (2010). Gay and transgender youth homelessness by the numbers. Retrieved from http://americanprogress.org/issues/lgbt/news/2010/06/21/7980/gay-and-transgender-youth-homelessness-by-the-numbers/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Leading Causes of Death, United States2019, Both Sexes, All Ages, All Races. WISQARS Injury Data. Retrieved from https://wisqars-viz.cdc.gov:8006/lcd/home

Conron, K. J., & Wilson, B. D. M. (2019). LGBTQ Youth of Color Impacted by the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems: A Research Agenda. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA School of Law, Williams Institute. Retrieved fromhttps://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/publications/lgbtq-yoc-social-services/

Coqual (formerly Center for Talent Innovation). “Out in the World.” 2021. https://coqual.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Out-In-The-World-Press-Release-Updated.pdf(pdf, 3 pages)

Courtney, M., Dworsky, A., Lee, J., & Raap, M. (2009). Midwest evaluation of the adult function of former foster youth: Outcomes at age 23 and 24. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago.

Day, J. K., Ioverno, S., & Russell, S. T. (2019). Safe and supportive schools for LGBT youth: Addressing educational inequities through inclusive policies and practices. Journal of School Psychology, 74, 29-43.

Duncan, A. (2011). Key policy letters from the education secretary and deputy secretary. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/secletter/110607.html

Durso, L. E., & Gates, G. J. (2012). Serving our youth: Findings from a national survey of service providers working with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. Los Angeles, CA: Williams Institute. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Durso-Gates-LGBT-Homeless-Youth-Survey-July-2012.pdf(PDF, 17 pages)

Espelage, D. L. (2011). Bullying & the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning (LGBTQ) community. Retrieved from http://www.stopbullying.gov/at-risk/groups/lgbt/white_house_conference_materials.pdf (PDF, 104 pages)

Estrada, R., & Marksamer, J. (2006). The legal rights of LGBT youth in state custody: What child welfare and juvenile justice professionals need to know. Child Welfare: Journal of Policy, Practice, and Program, 85(2), 171‒194. Retrieved from http://lgbt-youth-project.pbworks.com/f/estrada--legal%20rights%20of%20lgbt%20youth%20in%20state%20custody.pdf (PDF, 25 pages)

Feinstein, R., Greenblatt, A., Hass, L., Kohn, S., & Rana, J. (2001). Justice for all? A report on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered youth in the New York juvenile justice system. New York, NY: Urban Justice Center.

Fisher, S.K., Poirier, J. M., & Blau, G. M. (Eds.), Improving emotional and behavioral outcomes for LGBT youth: A guide for professionals (pp. 159–172). Baltimore, MD: Brookes.

GLAAD. (2021). GLAAD media reference guide – Lesbian/gay/bisexual glossary of terms. Retrieved from https://www.glaad.org/reference/lgbtq

GLSEN. (2019). Advocate for inclusive and affirming curriculum. Retrieved from https://www.glsen.org/inclusive-curriculum

Gonsiorek, J., & Weinrich, J. D. (1991). The definition and scope of sexual orientation. In J. C. Gonsiorek & J. D. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 1–12). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Guarino, K., Soares, P., Konnath, K., Clervil, R., & Bassuk, E. (2009). Trauma-informed organizational toolkit for homeless services. Rockville, MD: Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Haas, A. P., Eliason, M., Mays, V. M., Mathy, R. M., Cochran, S. D., D’Augelli, A. R.,... Clayton, P. J. (2011). Suicide and suicide risk in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations: Review and recommendations. Journal of Homosexuality, 58(1), 10‒51.

Hatzenbuehler, M. L., & Keyes, K. M. (2013). Inclusive anti-bullying policies reduce suicide attempts in lesbian and gay youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(1), S21‒S26.

Hatzenbuehler, M. L, Birkett, M., Van Wagenen, A., & Meyer I. H. (2014). Protective school climates and reduced risk for suicide ideation in sexual minority youth. American Journal of Public Health, 104(2), 279286.

Homelessness Resource Center. (2010). Learning from the field: Expert panel on youth who are LGBTQI2-S and homeless (summary of proceedings). Retrieved from http://homeless.samhsa.gov/ResourceFiles/igkfngko.3.6.pdf (PDF, 50 pages)

Homelessness Resource Center. (n.d.). Homeless populations: LGBTQI2-S youth. Retrieved from http://homelessness.samhsa.gov/Channel/LGBTQI2-S-Youth-153.aspx

Horvath, K., Remafedi, G., Fisher, S., & Walrath, C. (2012). Addressing suicide and self-harming behaviors among LGBT youth in systems of care. In S. K. Fisher, J. M. Poirier, & G. M. Blau (Eds.), Improving emotional and behavioral outcomes for LGBT youth: A guide for professionals (pp. 189–205). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.

Huggins-Hoyt, K. Y., Briggs, H. E., Mowbray, O., & Allen, J. L. (2019). Privatization, racial disproportionality and disparity in child welfare: Outcomes for foster children of color. Children and Youth Services Review, 99, 125‒131.

Human Rights Campaign. (2012a). Corporate equality index 2013: Rating American workplaces on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender equality. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.hrc.org/files/assets/resources/CorporateEqualityIndex_2013.pdf (PDF, 98 pages)

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Hunt, J., & Moodie-Mills, A. (2012). The unfair criminalization of gay and transgender youth: An overview of experiences of LGBT youth in the juvenile justice system. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from https://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/issues/2012/06/pdf/juvenile_justice.pdf (PDF, 12 pages)

Institute of Medicine. (2011). The health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people: Building a foundation for better understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved from http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2011/The-Health-of-Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-and-Transgender-People.aspx

Irvine, A. & Canfield, A. (2019). The Overrepresentation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Questioning, Gender Nonconforming and Transgender Youth within the Child Welfare to Juvenile Justice Crossover Population. Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law, 24(2), 243–261.

Jarjoura, R. G., Campie, P.E., Lipsey, M., Miller, N., Petrosino, A., Read, N., Tanner-Smith, E., & Wilson, D. B. (2016). Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Guidelines. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://ojjdp.ojp.gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/pubs/250368.pdf (PDF, 60 pages)

Kann, L., McManus T., Harris W.A., et al. (2018). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance — United States, 2017. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (SS-8), 1–114.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Rosario, M., & Tsappis, M. (2016). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth and family acceptance. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 63(6), 1011–1025.

Kenney, R. R., Fisher, S. K., Grandin, M. E., Hanson, J. B., & Winn, L. P. (2012). Addressing the needs of LGBT youth who are homeless. In S. K. Fisher, J. M. Poirier, & G. M. Blau (Eds.), Improving emotional and behavioral outcomes for LGBT youth: A guide for professionals (pp. 207–222). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.

Kim, R. (2009). A report on the status of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people in education: Stepping out of the closet, into the light. Washington, DC: National Education Association. Retrieved from http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/HE/glbtstatus09.pdf (PDF, 90 pages)

Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Bartkiewicz, M. J., Boesen, M. J., & Palmer, N. A. (2012). The 2011 National School Climate Survey: the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in our nation’s schools. New York, NY: Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network. Retrieved from http://glsen.org/nscs

Krivickas, K. M., & Lofquist, D. (2011). Demographics of same-sex couple households with children. U.S. Census Bureau Fertility & Family Statistics Branch. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/Krivickas-Lofquist%20PAA%202011.pdf (PDF, 28 pages)

Lambda Legal, National Alliance to End Homelessness, National Network for Youth, & National Center for Lesbian Rights. (2009). National recommended best practices for serving LGBT homeless youth. Washington, DC: National Alliance to End Homelessness.

Lombardi, E. L., & van Servellen, G. (2000). Building culturally sensitive substance use prevention and treatment programs for transgendered populations. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 19(3), 291‒296.

Lev, A. I., & Alie, L. (2012). Transgender and gender nonconforming children and youth: Developing culturally competent systems of care. In S. K. Fisher, J. M. Poirier, & G. M. Blau (Eds.), Improving emotional & behavioral outcomes for LGBT youth: A guide for professionals (pp. 43–66). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.

Macgillivray, I. K. (2007). Gay-straight alliances: A handbook for students, educators, and parents. New York, NY: Harrington Park Press.

Majd, K., Marksamer, J., & Reyes, C. (2009). Hidden injustice: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in juvenile courts. San Francisco, CA, and Washington, DC: Legal Services for Children, National Juvenile Defender Center, and National Center for Lesbian Rights. Retrieved from http://www.hivlawandpolicy.org/sites/www.hivlawandpolicy.org/files/hidden_injustice.pdf (PDF, 178 pages)

Mallon, G. (1998). We don’t exactly get the welcome wagon: The experience of gay and lesbian adolescents in North America’s child welfare system. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Mallon, G., Aledort, N., & Ferrera M. (2002). There’s no place like home: Achieving safety, permanency and well-being for lesbian and gay adolescents in out of home care setting. Child Welfare, 81(2), 407–439.

Malouf, M. A., & Baratz, A. (2012). Disorders or differences of sex development. In S. K. Fisher, J. M. Poirier, & G. M. Blau (Eds.), Improving emotional & behavioral outcomes for LGBT youth: A guide for professionals (pp. 67–86). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.

Marshal, M. P., Friedman, M. S., Stall, R., King, K. M., Miles, J., Gold, M. A., Bukstein, O. G., & Morse, J. Q. (2008). Sexual orientation and adolescent substance use: A meta-analysis and methodological review. Addiction, 103(4), 546–556.

Matarese, M., Greeno, E., Weeks, A., & Hammond, P. (2021). The Cuyahoga youth count: A report on LGBTQ+ youth’s experience in foster care. Baltimore, MD: The Institute for Innovation & Implementation, University of Maryland School of Social Work. Retrieved from https://theinstitute.umaryland.edu/our-work/national/lgbtq/cuyahoga-youth-count

Meyer, E. J. (2010). Gender, bullying, and harassment: Strategies to end sexism and homophobia in schools. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Morton, M. H., Samuels, G. M., Dworsky, A., & Patel, S. (2018). Missed opportunities: LGBT youth homelessness in America. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago. Retrieved from https://www.chapinhall.org/research/lgbtq-young-adults-experience-homelessness-at-more-than-twice-the-rate-of-peers/

Movement Advancement Project. (2013). Equality maps. Retrieved from http://www.lgbtmap.org/equality-maps

Munoz-Plaza, C., Quinn, S. C., & Rounds, K. A. (2002). Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students: Perceived social support in the high school environment. The High School Journal, 85(3), 52‒63.

Mustanski, B., & Newcomb, M. E. (2011). Mental health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: A developmental resiliency perspective. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 23(2), 204–225.

National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2011). Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) mental health resources. Retrieved from http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Find_Support/Multicultural_Support/Resources/GLBT_Resources.htm

National Association of School Nurses. (2003). Sexual orientation and gender identity/ expression (Position statement). Silver Spring, MD: Author. Retrieved from http://www.nasn.org/PolicyAdvocacy/PositionPapersandReports/NASNPositionStatementsFullView/tabid/462/smid/824/ArticleID/47/Default.aspx

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National Education Association. (2006). Strengthening the learning environment: A school employee’s guide to gay, lesbian, bisexual, & transgender issues. Retrieved from http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/glbtstrengthenlearningenvirong2006.pdf (PDF, 36 pages)

O’Shaughnessy, M., Russell, S. T., Heck, K., Calhoun, C., & Laub, C. (2004). Safe place to learn: Consequences of harassment based on actual or perceived sexual orientation and gender non-conformity and steps for making schools safer. San Francisco, CA: California Safe Schools Coalition and 4-H Center for Youth Development.

Out & Equal Workplace Summit. (2009). 2009 Out & equal workplace survey. Retrieved fromhttp://www.outandequal.org

Poirier, J. M. (2012). Fostering safe, welcoming, and supportive schools for LGBT youth. In http://www.outandequal.org

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Poirier, J. M., Fisher, S. K., Hunt, R. A., & Bearse, M. (2014). A Guide for Understanding, Supporting, and Affirming LGBTQI2-S Children, Youth, and Families. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research.

Poirier, J. M., Francis, K. B., Fisher, S. K., Williams-Washington, K., Goode, T. D., & Jackson, V. H. (2008). Practice brief 1: Providing services and supports for youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, intersex, or two-spirit. Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural Competence, Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development. Retrieved from http://nccc.georgetown.edu/documents/lgbtqi2s.pdf (PDF, 8 pages)

Poirier, J. M., Murphy, C., Shelton, J., & Costello, S. (2013). Ending LGBT youth homelessness: A call to action. Washington, DC: Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health, LGBTQI2-S Learning Community.

Ray, N. (2006). Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth: An epidemic of homelessness. New York, NY: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute and the National Coalition for the Homeless. Retrieved from http://www.thetaskforce.org/downloads/reports/reports/HomelessYouth_ExecutiveSummary.pdf (PDF, 10 pages)

Ream, G. L., & Forge, N. R. (2014). Homeless lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in New York City: Insights from the field. Child Welfare, 93(2), 7–22.

Reis, B. (1999). They don’t even know me! Understanding anti-gay harassment and violence in schools. Seattle, WA: Safe Schools Coalition of Washington State. Retrieved from http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/theydontevenknowme.pdf (PDF, 90 pages)

Reis, B., & Saewyc, E. (1999). Eighty-three thousand youth: Selected findings of eight population-based studies as they pertain to anti-gay harassment and the safety and well-being of sexual minority students. Seattle, WA: Safe Schools Coalition of Washington State. Retrieved from http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/83000youth.pdf (PDF, 36 pages)

Rieger, G., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2012). Gender nonconformity, sexual orientation, and psychological well-being. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41(3), 611–621. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21350914

Roberts, A. L., Rosario, M., Corliss, H. L., Koenen, K. C., & Austin, S. B. (2012). Childhood gender nonconformity: A risk indicator for childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress in youth. Pediatrics, 129(3), 410–417. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/3/410.full

Russell, S. T. (2010). Supportive social services for LGBT youth: Lessons from the safe schools movement. The Prevention Researcher, 17(4), 14‒16.

Russell, S. T., & Fish, J. N. (2016). Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Youth. Annual review of clinical psychology, 12, 465–487. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-021815-093153

Russell, S. T., Kostroski, O., McGuire, J. K., Laub, C., & Manke, E. (2006). LGBT issues in the curriculum promotes school safety (Safe Schools Research Brief 4). San Francisco, CA. California Safe Schools Coalition. Retrieved from http://www.casafeschools.org/FactSheet-curriculum.pdf (PDF, 4 pages)

Russell, S. T., & McGuire, J. K. (2008). The school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students. In M. Shinn & H. Yoshikawa (Eds.), Changing schools and community organizations to foster positive youth development (pp. 133‒158). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Ryan, C. (2009). Helping families support their lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children. Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural Competence, Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development. Retrieved from http://gucchd.georgetown.edu/products/LGBT_Brief.pdf (PDF, 12 pages)

Ryan, C., Huebner, D., Diaz, R. M., & Sanchez, J. (2009). Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics, 123(1), 346‒352. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/123/1/346.full.pdf (PDF, 7 pages)

Ryan, C., Russell, S. T., Huebner, D., Diaz, R., & Sanchez, J. (2010). Family acceptance in adolescence and the health of LGBT young adults. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 23(4), 205–213. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6171.2010.00246.x

Safe Schools Coalition. (2005). A student’s guide to surviving anti-gay (LGBTQ) harassment and physical or sexual assault. Seattle, WA: Author. Retrieved from http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/guide_student_surviveharass2005NAT.pdf (PDF, 3 pages)

Safe Schools Coalition. (n.d.). Bullying: What you can do about it. Seattle, WA: Author. Retrieved from http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/bullying-what-you-can-do-about-it.pdf (PDF, 2 pages)

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Sandfort, T. (2020). Experiences and well-being of sexual and gender diverse youth in foster care in New York City: Disproportionality and disparities. Retrieved from https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/acs/pdf/about/2020/WellBeingStudyLGBTQ.pdf (PDF, 71 pages)

Sheets, R. L., Jr., & Mohr, J. J. (2009). Perceived social support from friends and family and psychosocial functioning in bisexual young adult college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56(1), 152–163. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.56.1.152

Shilo, G. & Savaya, R. (2011). Effects of family and friend support on LGB youths' mental health and sexual orientation milestones. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science, 60(3), 313-330. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2011.00648.x

Snapp, S.D., Burdge, H., Licona, A.C., Moody, R.L., & Russell, S.T (2015). Students’ perspectives on LGBTQ-inclusive curriculum. Equity & Excellence in Education, 48(2),DOI: 10.1080/10665684.2015.1025614

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2001). A provider’s introduction to substance abuse treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals. Rockville, MD: Author. Retrieved from http://store.samhsa.gov/product/A-Provider-s-Introduction-to-Substance-Abuse-Treatment-for-Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-and-Transgender-Individuals/SMA09-4104

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2004). Substance use among youths who had run away from home: The NSDUH report. Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k4/runaways/runaways.pdf (PDF, 3 pages)

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2012). Top health issues for LGBT populations information & resource kit (HHS Publication No. (SMA) 12-4684). Rockville, MD: Author. Retrieved from http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA12-4684/SMA12-4684.pdf (PDF, 100 pages)

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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019). Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed tables. Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/

Sue, D. W. (2010). Microaggressions in everyday life: Race, gender, and sexual orientation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Suicide Prevention Resource Center. (2008). Suicide risk and prevention for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Newton, MA: Education Development Center. Retrieved from http://www.sprc.org/library/SPRC_LGBT_Youth.pdf (PDF, 63 pages)

Sullivan, C., Sommer, S., & Moff, J. (2001). Youth in the margins—A report of the unmet needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender adolescents in foster care. New York, NY: Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund.

Toomey, R. B., Card, N. A., Russell, S. T., Ryan, C., & Diaz, R. M. (2010). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: School victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 46(6), 1580–1589. Retrieved from http://healthcareguild.com/youth_identities_files.pdf (PDF, 11 pages)

Toomey, R. B., Ryan, C., Diaz, R. M., & Russell, S. T. (2011). High school gay–straight alliances (GSAs) and young adult well-being: An examination of GSA presence, participation, and perceived effectiveness. Applied Developmental Science, 15(4), 17–185.

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Wilson, B. D. M., & Kastanis, A. A. (2015). Sexual and gender minority disproportionality and disparities in child welfare: A Population-based study. Children and Youth Services Review, 58, 11‒17.

Xavier, J., Honnold, J., & Bradford, J. (2007). The health, health-related needs, and lifecourse experiences of transgender Virginians. Richmond, VA: Virginia Commonwealth University, Center for Public Policy. Retrieved from http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/epidemiology/DiseasePrevention/documents/pdf/THISFINALREPORTVol1.pdf (PDF, 76 pages)

Other Resources on this Topic


Youth Briefs

How Individualized Education Program (IEP) Transition Planning Makes a Difference for Youth with Disabilities

Youth who receive special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) and especially young adults of transition age, should be involved in planning for life after high school as early as possible and no later than age 16. Transition services should stem from the individual youth’s needs and strengths, ensuring that planning takes into account his or her interests, preferences, and desires for the future.

Youth Transitioning to Adulthood: How Holding Early Leadership Positions Can Make a Difference

Research links early leadership with increased self-efficacy and suggests that leadership can help youth to develop decision making and interpersonal skills that support successes in the workforce and adulthood. In addition, young leaders tend to be more involved in their communities, and have lower dropout rates than their peers. Youth leaders also show considerable benefits for their communities, providing valuable insight into the needs and interests of young people

How Trained Service Professionals and Self-Advocacy Makes a Difference for Youth with Mental Health, Substance Abuse, or Co-occurring Issues

Statistics reflecting the number of youth suffering from mental health, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders highlight the necessity for schools, families, support staff, and communities to work together to develop targeted, coordinated, and comprehensive transition plans for young people with a history of mental health needs and/or substance abuse.

Young Adults Formerly in Foster Care: Challenges and Solutions

Nearly 30,000 youth aged out of foster care in Fiscal Year 2009, which represents nine percent of the young people involved in the foster care system that year. This transition can be challenging for youth, especially youth who have grown up in the child welfare system.

Coordinating Systems to Support Transition Age Youth with Mental Health Needs

Research has demonstrated that as many as one in five children/youth have a diagnosable mental health disorder. Read about how coordination between public service agencies can improve treatment for these youth.

Civic Engagement Strategies for Transition Age Youth

Civic engagement has the potential to empower young adults, increase their self-determination, and give them the skills and self-confidence they need to enter the workforce. Read about one youth’s experience in AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC).