Other Youth Topics


Akinambi, L. J., Cheng, T. L., & Kornfeld, D. (2001). A review of teen-tot programs: Comprehensive clinical care for young parents and their children. Adolescence, 36(142), 381–393.

Asheer, S., Burkander, P., Deke, J., Worthington, J., & Zief, S. (2017). Raising the Bar: Impacts and Implementation of the New Heights Program for Expectant and Parenting Teens in Washington, DC. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Adolescent Health.

Barr, R., Brito, N., Zocca, J., Rodriguez, J., & Shauffer, C. (2011). The Baby Elmo Program: Improving teen father-child interactions within juvenile justice facilities. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1555–1562. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.03.020. Retrieved from http://elp.georgetown.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Barretal2011-Child-and-Youth-Services.pdf (PDF, 8 pages)

Bekaert, S., & Smithbattle, L. (2016). Teen mothers’ experience of intimate partner violence: A metasynthesis. ANS Advances in Nursing Science, 39(3), 272–290. doi:10.1097/ANS.0000000000000129

Blanchard, C., & McNeely, J. (n.d.). Obesity: Nutrition and exercise. In, The Teen Years Explained: A Guide to Healthy Adolescent Development. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retrieved from https://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/center-for-adolescent-health/_docs/policy-briefs/youth-development/Obesity_Exercise.pdf (PDF, 4 pages)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Preventing repeat teen births. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/teenpregnancy/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Keeping teen parents on track for graduation. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/stltpublichealth/phpracticestories/stories/PHPSFF_TeenParentsConn2013.html

Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women. (2011). Health care for pregnant and postpartum incarcerated women and adolescent females. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: Committee Opinion, 511, 1–5. Retrieved from https://www.acog.org/-/media/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Health-Care-for-Underserved-Women/co511.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20171122T0200295017

Courtney, M. E., Dworsky, A., Brown, A., Cary, C., Love, K., Vorhies, V., … Bost, N. (2011). Midwest evaluation of the adult functioning of former foster youth: Outcomes at age 26. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago. Retrieved from http://www.chapinhall.org/research/report/midwest-evaluation-adult-functioning-former-foster-youth

Covington, R. D., Luca, D. L., Manlove, J., & Welti, K. (2017). Final impacts of AIM 4 Teen Moms. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/evaluation-and-research/federal-led-evaluation/pregnancy-assistance-fund/index.html

Family and Youth Services Bureau. (2012). Working with pregnant and parenting teens tip sheet. Retrieved from https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/assets/pregnant-parenting-teens-tips.pdf (PDF, 8 pages)

Feldman-Winter, L., & Shaikh, U. (2007). Optimizing breastfeeding promotion and support in adolescent mothers. Journal of Human Lactation, 23(4), 362–367. doi:10.1177/0890334407308303

Geiger, J. M., & Schelbe, L. A. (2014). Stopping the cycle of child abuse and neglect: A call to action to focus on pregnant and parenting youth in and aging out of the foster care system. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 8(1), 25–50.

Hahn, R. A., Knopf, J. A., Wilson, S. J., Truman, B. I., Milstein, B., Johnson, R. L., … Hunt, P. C. (2015). Programs to increase high school completion: A community guide systematic health equity review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), 599–608. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2014.12.005

Hodgkinson, S. C., Colantuoni, E., Roberts, D., Berg-Cross, L., & Belcher, H. M. (2010). Depressive symptoms and birth outcomes among pregnant teenagers. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 23(1), 16–22.

Hodgkinson, S., Beers, L., Southammakosane, C., & Lewin, A. (2014). Addressing mental health needs of pregnant and parenting adolescents. Pediatrics, 133(1), 114–122. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-0927

Hoffman, S. D., & Maynard, R. A. (Eds.) (2008). Kids having kids: Economic costs and social consequences of teen pregnancy. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Howard, K. S., Lefever, J. E. B., Borkowski, J. G., & Whitman, T. L. (2006). Fathers' influence in the lives of children with adolescent mothers. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(3), 468–476.

Indiana Secondary Transition Resource Center. (n.d.). Fact sheet: Teenage pregnancy and youth with intellectual disabilities. Retrieved from https://instrc.indiana.edu/pdf/resources/Fact_Sheet_Teen_Pregnancy_with_Disability.pdf (PDF, 3 pages)

Jones, K. H., Woolcock-Henry, C. O., & Domenico, D. M. (2005). Wake up call: Pregnant and parenting teens with disabilities. International Journal of Special Education, 20(1), 92–104. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ846543.pdf (PDF, 13 pages)

Kalil, A., Ziol Guest, K. M., & Coley, R. L. (2005). Perceptions of father involvement patterns in teenage-mother families: Predictors and links to mothers’ psychological adjustment. Family Relations, 54(2), 197–211.

Lindley, L. L., & Walsemann, K. M. (2015). Sexual orientation and risk of pregnancy among New York City high-school students. American Journal of Public Health, 105(7), 1379–1386.

Martin, L. T., McNamara, M. J., Milot, A. S., Halle, T., & Hair, E. C. (2007). The effects of father involvement during pregnancy on receipt of prenatal care and maternal smoking. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 11(6), 595–602.

Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Osterman, M. J. K., Driscoll, A. K., & Drake, P (2018). Births: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics report, 67(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_01.pdf (PDF, 55 pages)

Meadows-Oliver M. (2006). Homeless adolescent mothers: A metasynthesis of their life experiences. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 21(5), 340–349.

Molborn, S. (2010). Exploring variation in teenage mothers’ and fathers’ educational attainment. Perspectives on sexual and Reproductive Health, 42(3), 152–159. doi:10.1363/4215210

Murray, J. (2005). Effects of imprisonment on families and children of prisoners. In A. Liebling, & S. Maruna (Eds.), The effects of imprisonment (pp. 442–492). Cullompton, Devon: Willan.

Murray, J., & Farrington, D. P. (2005). Parental imprisonment: Effects on boys' antisocial behavior and delinquency through the life-course. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 1269–1278.

Myers, B. J., Smarsh, T. M., Amlund-Hagen, K., & Kennon, S. (1999). Children of incarcerated mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 8, 11–25.

Mylant, M., & Mann, C. (2008). Current sexual trauma among high-risk teen mothers. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 21(3), 164–176. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6171.2008.00148.x.

Nurse, A. (2002). Fatherhood arrested: Parenting from within the juvenile justice system. Vanderbilt University Press.

Office of Adolescent Health. (2017). Co-Parenting: Resources and best practices for service providers. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/sites/default/files/coparenting-resources.pdf (PDF, 7 pages)

Pecora, P. J., Williams, J., Kessler, R. C., Downs, A., O’Brien, K., Hiripi, E., Morello S. (2003). Assessing the effects of foster care: Early results from the Casey National Alumni Study. Seattle, WA: Casey Family Programs. Retrieved from https://www.casey.org/national-alumni-study/

Perper, K., Peterson, K., & Manlove, J. (2010). Diploma attainment among teen mothers. Child Trends, Fact Sheet Publication #2010–01: Washington, DC: Child Trends.

The Pew Charitable Trusts: Pew Center on the States. (2010). Collateral costs: Incarceration’s effect on economic mobility. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.pewtrusts.org/~/media/legacy/uploadedfiles/pcs_assets/2010/collateralcosts1pdf.pdf (PDF, 44 pages)

Reilly, T. (2003). Transition from care: Status and outcomes of youth who age out of foster care. Child Abuse and Neglect, 82(6), 727–746.

Rosen, D., Tolman, R. M., Warner, L. A., & Conner, K. (2007). Racial differences in mental health service utilization among low-income women. Social Work in Public Health, 23(2–3), 89– 105.

Schelbe, L., McWey, L., Radey, M., Canto, A., & Holtrop, K. (2015). Technical report: Parents aging out of the child welfare system. Florida Institute for Child Welfare. Retrieved from http://csw.fsu.edu/sites/g/files/upcbnu1131/files/documents/Parents-Aging-Out.pdf (PDF, 15 pages)

Smid, M., Bourgois, P., & Auerswald, C. L. (2010). The challenges of pregnancy among homeless youth: Reclaiming a lost opportunity. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 21(2), 140–156.

Smith, P. H. Coley, S. L., Labbok, M. H., Cupito, S., & Nwokah, E. (2012). Early breastfeeding experiences of adolescent mothers: A qualitative prospective study. International Breastfeeding Journal, 7(13). doi:10.1186/1746-4358-7-13. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3565878/pdf/1746-4358-7-13.pdf (PDF, 14 pages)

Stevens-Simon, C., Nelligan, D., & Kelly, L. (2001). Adolescents at risk for mistreating their children: Part II: A home- and clinic-based prevention program. Child Abuse and Neglect, 25(6), 753–769.

Svoboda, D. V., Shaw, T. V., Barth, R. P., & Bright, C. L. (2012). Pregnancy and parenting among youth in foster care: A review. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 867–875.

Trice, A. D., & Brewster, J. (2004). The effects of maternal incarceration on adolescent children. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 19, 27–35.

Whitson, M. L., Martinez, A., Ayala, C., & Kaufman, J. S. (2011). Predictors of parenting and infant outcomes for impoverished adolescent parents. Journal of Family Social Work, 14(4), 284–297.

Other Resources on this Topic


Youth Briefs

How Individualized Education Program (IEP) Transition Planning Makes a Difference for Youth with Disabilities

Youth who receive special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) and especially young adults of transition age, should be involved in planning for life after high school as early as possible and no later than age 16. Transition services should stem from the individual youth’s needs and strengths, ensuring that planning takes into account his or her interests, preferences, and desires for the future.

Youth Transitioning to Adulthood: How Holding Early Leadership Positions Can Make a Difference

Research links early leadership with increased self-efficacy and suggests that leadership can help youth to develop decision making and interpersonal skills that support successes in the workforce and adulthood. In addition, young leaders tend to be more involved in their communities, and have lower dropout rates than their peers. Youth leaders also show considerable benefits for their communities, providing valuable insight into the needs and interests of young people

How Trained Service Professionals and Self-Advocacy Makes a Difference for Youth with Mental Health, Substance Abuse, or Co-occurring Issues

Statistics reflecting the number of youth suffering from mental health, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders highlight the necessity for schools, families, support staff, and communities to work together to develop targeted, coordinated, and comprehensive transition plans for young people with a history of mental health needs and/or substance abuse.

Young Adults Formerly in Foster Care: Challenges and Solutions

Nearly 30,000 youth aged out of foster care in Fiscal Year 2009, which represents nine percent of the young people involved in the foster care system that year. This transition can be challenging for youth, especially youth who have grown up in the child welfare system.

Coordinating Systems to Support Transition Age Youth with Mental Health Needs

Research has demonstrated that as many as one in five children/youth have a diagnosable mental health disorder. Read about how coordination between public service agencies can improve treatment for these youth.

Civic Engagement Strategies for Transition Age Youth

Civic engagement has the potential to empower young adults, increase their self-determination, and give them the skills and self-confidence they need to enter the workforce. Read about one youth’s experience in AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC).